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Buy a house or apartment in Finland
Buy a house or apartment in Finland

Video: Buy a house or apartment in Finland

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Apartment in Finland. Mortgage loan, bidding process, interest rates, investment. 2023, February
Anonim

Your own house or apartment in Finland? In addition to the scenic beauty, the Nordic architecture and the cultural offer also contribute to the fact that many holidaymakers in Finland want to buy their own property.

Since Finland joined the European Union, European citizens have been able to buy houses or apartments as property in Finland.

Finland - the land of a thousand lakes - has a lot to offer to its residents and visitors. Beautiful landscapes, northern lights, Finnish saunas, cultural sights and lots of unspoiled nature. Because in Finland only 5.5 million people live in an area that is almost as big as Germany. Finland is one of the least populated countries in Europe. The majority of the population lives in the south of the country, mainly in cities such as Helsinki, Espoo, Vanta, Turku or Oulu.

Requirements for buying a house in Finland

A valid identity card is sufficient to enter Finland as long as the stay does not last longer than 90 days. German citizens without a permanent residence in Finland require the approval of the responsible provincial administration to buy a house. This is generally no problem if the property is not in a nature reserve or in a military restricted area.

Tips for information research

Helsingin Sanomat is Finland's highest-circulation daily newspaper. The Sunday edition is definitely recommended for those interested, as it contains a variety of offers for apartments, houses or land. If you are on vacation in Finland, you should also pay attention to the notice boards in the supermarkets. Cheap private offers can often be found there. The brokerage usually runs through a local broker.

Selection of the location

Each region of Finland has its own peculiarities, which we have summarized in an overview:

1. Åland:

The archipelago is located at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea. The region is figuratively shaped by windmills, cliff areas, ships and old castles from the Middle Ages.

2.Lapland:

The northern part of Lapland has predominantly cold temperatures and is very natural. To the south, the landscape is getting greener and is particularly suitable for nature and adventure lovers. Because there you can go hiking, winter sports or go fishing.

Finnische Region Lappland
Finnische Region Lappland

If you like winter sports, you should look for a house in Lapland.

Photo: Alamy Stock Photo / Parkerphotography

3. Eastern Finland

More than 20 percent of eastern Finland is covered with lake areas. In addition, the region offers a beautiful landscape, which offers a variety of opportunities for leisure activities in nature. Sporty people can go horse riding, hiking or water sports. In addition, various amusement parks and safari tours provide enough entertainment.

4. Western Finland

The cultural capital of Turku is located in this region. It offers various cultural and historical offers such as theaters, music festivals or museums.

5. Southern Finland

The southern part of Finland is the most densely populated and is the most historically and culturally significant. Here are the big cities like Vantaa, Espoo and also the capital Helsinki, which are known for their lively nightlife with clubs and bars as well as their historic buildings.

Finnische Hauptstadt Helsinki
Finnische Hauptstadt Helsinki

A house in Helsinki is expensive. The capital of Finland offers a lot of culture and leisure opportunities.

Photo: Fotolia / Oleksiy Mark

Do not rush the sales contract

Before you sign a purchase contract, you must find out about the property on site. Explore the infrastructure: what about shopping, medical care, cultural offerings, noise sources? You should also note that the climate in Finland is significantly colder than in Central Europe. Except in southern Finland, temperatures are below zero for months, causing the floor and walls to freeze to a certain low point. In order to avoid high energy losses, the property should be insulated accordingly.

In addition, smaller windows are used in Finland. One tries to keep the heat loss as low as possible, on the other hand, large or fully glazed houses are also structurally problematic. Because in winter, several meters of snow fall in Finland, which could dent large window panes in the thawing period.

Wood that is gray or bluish tarnished in places is less critical. You should only take a closer look at areas that are constantly damp in some places.

Purchase contract without a notary

Haus in Finnland kaufen
Haus in Finnland kaufen

Do not rush the sales contract! Take your time and find out about the property on site.

Photo: Fotolia / peshkova

Once you have decided on a house, the broker also takes on the tasks of a notary: for example, he draws up the contract, provides extracts from the land register and register, signs the contract together with the buyer and seller and applies for entry in the land register. In Finland, he charges four to five percent of the purchase price for his work. If the seller has activated the broker, you pay nothing. It is best to have a lawyer check the seller's land register entry before buying. You do not have to have the purchase notarized. In Finland, two impartial witnesses sign: a so-called public witness, such as a clerk, an embassy official or a bailiff, and a normal witness with a good reputation. The buyers receive around 170 to 200 euros for this. This amount is usually divided between the buyer and seller. The buyer must register his acquired property in the legal register. This is public and is managed by a local authority.

It costs to buy a house in Finland

In addition to equipment and size, the location determines the price for buying a property in Finland. The real estate prices correspond approximately to the German standard. Popular locations such as the region around the capital or southern Finland are correspondingly expensive. Real estate on lakeside and near larger cities with living areas between 100 and 150 square meters start at a price of 100, 000 euros. If you then attach importance to sophisticated equipment, you can easily count on 250, 000 euros and more.

In contrast, smaller holiday homes in more rural areas in northern Finland can be purchased at significantly cheaper prices. With an area between 30 and 60 square meters, the prices for this are, for example, between 40, 000 and 80, 000 euros.

Financing and loans

Before you decide on a holiday home, you should ensure the financing. A loan is usually applied for. This should be requested from a local bank. Together with the application, you should submit the following documents to your lender:

  • Loan application including mortgage overview
  • Purchase contract
  • Proof of ownership
  • Valuation report
  • Acquisition permit
  • Architectural drawings
  • Calculation of living space (square meters) and the converted space (cubic meters)
  • List of construction costs
  • Cadastral hand drawing
  • Photographs of the object
  • Proof of fire insurance against all risks usually to be insured in Finland

This is secured by entering a mortgage in the Finnish land register. The mortgage is entered in euros and, in addition to the main claim, also includes interest and any fringe benefits. As a rule, your lender in Finland will ask you to be registered in the first place. It must be negotiated with the lender on site which properties can be mortgaged and up to which mortgage lending limit.

Payments are generally made after the security has been secured, i.e. after the mortgage has been entered in the Finnish land register.

Taxes and Fees

The preparation of an appraisal report costs around one percent of the purchase price in Finland, although the fees increase if the property is more than 50 kilometers away from the agency. Registration in the public land register costs about 350 to 400 euros. Pledge notes are issued for the mortgage entry, the denomination of which is at the discretion of the buyer. The first and second pawn notes cost around 350 euros. From the third, each pawn ticket costs just under 20 euros.

Other costs are expected to be 1.5 to 2 percent of the mortgage amount. Translations cost around 50 euros per page.

Special case when reselling a property

In Finland, a residential stock corporation can be established for a piece of land or a building on a piece of land. One of the advantages is the lower stamp duty on resale. The owner of the share does not acquire real property. The hedge therefore follows through the pledge of the shares that are handed over to the bank as a pledge. The bank (pledgee) undertakes in a receipt to the pledgee to return the shares as soon as the loan is repaid.

Further practical information

Check whether there are sufficient sockets in all rooms. Because in the kitchen in particular, people like to save money with sockets. Distributors lying around are not only unattractive, they are also quickly overloaded and can then become very hot. There should also be a socket in the carport or in the garage for the nightly engine heating of your car. You should also pay attention to how the entrance of the house is laid out. In the case of heavy snow, you very often have to shovel snow every day without stairs.

All information given here is to the best of our knowledge. However, no guarantee can be given for the correctness or completeness of the information.

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