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Plant and care for the Philodendron
Plant and care for the Philodendron

Video: Plant and care for the Philodendron

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Video: Philodendron Houseplant Care Tips & Tricks | My Philodendron Collection! 2023, February

In the urban jungle, the philodendron should not be missing. With its huge leaves, it provides the right jungle feeling in the room.

The genus of philodendrons, also known as tree friends, belongs to the family of the arum family and includes at least 275 different species. The appearance can vary greatly depending on the type and age of the plant. Some have large leaves, others heart-shaped or oval. Some are shiny green, others are purple. Even experienced botanists often find it difficult to determine the species because the leaves can change extremely in the course of plant life.

Green giant from the rainforest

The philodendron actually comes from the tropical rainforests of America. With us, the leaf ornamental plant has long been a popular houseplant. Thanks to its huge, exotic-looking leaves, a living room with the philodendron can be quickly transformed into a jungle. But it's not just its tropical appearance that makes tree lovers so attractive. Similar to the efutute or the green lily, the philodendron is also able to filter pollutants such as formaldehyde or benzene from the air.

Philodendron Dschungel
Philodendron Dschungel

The philodendron in his home, the tropical rainforest.

Photo: iStock / Kerrick

The right location for philodendrons

Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Light to semi-shady - that's the tree lover's favorite.

Photo: Floradania

Since philodendrons climb up trees in their tropical natural location, they prefer a bright to partially shaded location and a temperature between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius all year round. However, they don't like direct sunlight or a fully shaded location any more than they like draft or temperature fluctuations. If a tree lover is too light, it can lead to unsightly brown, dry leaf spots. However, like many other light-variegated plants, species or varieties whose leaves have a large proportion of white or yellow need a lighter location, otherwise they will green.

Caring for the philodendron properly

Philodendrons are ideal indoor plants for beginners. The leathery leaves evaporate little moisture, which is why they consume relatively little water for such large, impressive plants. You should use decalcified, warm water for watering. Pour so that the substrate always remains slightly moist, but there is no waterlogging in the planter or saucer.

During the growth phase from spring to summer, you can give particularly fast-growing species and varieties of low-dose green plant fertilizer once a week. For all other types and varieties, fertilization every 14 days is sufficient.

Since the rainforests have a relatively high level of humidity, you can do something good for your tree friends by increasing the humidity in the location or spraying the leaves regularly. The climbing Philodendron species need a moss stick or similar to hold on. If philodendrons become too large, they can be cut back without any problems. However, you should never cut back the aerial roots. With them, the Philodendron absorbs just as many nutrients and moisture from the air as with the underground roots.

Philodendron Schädlinge Wollläuse
Philodendron Schädlinge Wollläuse

If your philodendron is infected with mealybugs, you should first wipe the leaves and then spray them with an oil-containing preparation.

Photo: MSG / Frank Schuberth

Philodendrons are actually quite robust against diseases and pests. Occasionally, however, tree lovers in indoor culture are attacked by scale insects or red spider mites.

Popular types of philodendrons

For the indoor culture, the red-leaved Philodendron (Philodendron erubescens), the Tree Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum), Philodendron cannifolium and Philodendron melanochryson are mainly offered in stores. The climbing philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is one of the most popular types of philodendrons. The rather small tree lover looks particularly great in hanging baskets. The leaves are still very small in adolescence, but grow larger with age. In order for the Philodendron scandens to get a dense growth pattern in the hanging basket, the shoot tips should be cut regularly. But be careful: the leaves of the philodendron contain substances that can irritate the skin and trigger allergies.

By the way: If you can't get enough of the philodendrons, you can simply multiply your tree friends with head or stem cuttings. After about six to eight weeks, the cuttings have already developed roots.

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