Table of contents:

House plants portrait mountain palm
House plants portrait mountain palm

Video: House plants portrait mountain palm

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: All Types of Palm Trees | How to Grow variety of Palm Trees In India | #Palm Care & Price 2023, February
Anonim

As a houseplant, the mountain palm provides that holiday feeling in your own four walls and manages with surprisingly little light. Because it also remains nice and small, it finds a home even in limited living spaces.

Table of contents Table of contents mountain palm: Mini palm for the room

  • Houseplant info on mountain palm
  • Small house palm
  • Houseplant for low-light locations
  • The right substrate
  • Repotting tips
  • Water regularly and fertilize sparingly
  • Extra care for the mountain palm

Table of contents Table of contents mountain palm: Mini palm for the room

  • Houseplant info on mountain palm
  • Small house palm
  • Houseplant for low-light locations
  • The right substrate
  • Repotting tips
  • Water regularly and fertilize sparingly
  • Extra care for the mountain palm

Houseplant info on mountain palm

When we talk about the mountain palm, botanically Chamaedorea elegans, in our latitudes it is mostly the mountain palm 'Bella'. It is a variety of the actual plant species that is so popular with us as a houseplant that it has almost completely replaced the original. Its emergence is less a result of a breeding success than a coincidence: the mountain palm tree was created as a by-product of a completely different breeding project. Originally, the type, as the name suggests, comes from the mountains, more precisely: from the mountain regions of Central America, where it mostly grows under larger trees. This property makes the small palm tree so interesting for us as a houseplant. The mountain palm needs surprisingly little light, hardly any space - and still, as is the case with a palm tree, provides an exotic flair and holiday mood.

Small house palm

The mountain palm is one of the smallest palm trees ever and grows to a height of just under a meter as a houseplant - even in its home country it rarely grows over two meters. It is usually planted in several in a pot, since each plant only forms one stem. These are crowned by a fresh green leafy head with decoratively overhanging leaf fronds. In contrast to most indoor palms, the mountain palm also flowers reliably in the house and shows tiny, yellow panicles from spring to autumn.

Gardener's tip: look for a female mountain palm tree when buying. The plant is naturally dioecious, which means that there are both purely female and purely male plants. The advantage of the female mountain palm: its flowers exude a delicate fragrance.

Blühende Bergpalme
Blühende Bergpalme

The yellow flowers of the mountain palm are very delicate.

Photo: iStock / TomekD76

If pollination occurred, tiny fruits with the seeds of the mountain palm develop on the female flowers - but the black balls are very rare on houseplants. Unless you help out. To obtain your own seeds, for example for propagation, you only need to hold several (male and female) mountain palms and brush the flowers with each other several times a day during the flowering period.

Houseplant for low-light locations

Since the mountain palm can only be found in the wild in semi-shady to shady places, it only needs little light as a houseplant. Direct sunlight is even harmful. In contrast, the mountain palm tree makes hardly any demands on the room temperature. Normal temperatures of around 20 degrees Celsius are perfectly fine. It is important, however, that the houseplant is a little cooler in winter. Only if it is kept at 15 to 18 degrees Celsius during this time will it bloom in the coming season. A high level of humidity in the room is beneficial for plant health, but is not a must. Nevertheless, the mountain palm feels particularly comfortable in a bathroom or a tempered winter garden.

The right substrate

A permeable substrate is the best for the mountain palm. Palm soil from the garden center is ideal. If you still have normal houseplant soil in stock, you can mix about half of it with sand and then use it as well. The main thing is that the soil in the pot is well drained.

Repotting tips

The mountain palm is rarely repotted. Wait until the pot is completely filled with its roots. This takes about two years for young plants, older plants can stay in the same pot for up to five years. The best time for repotting is in spring.

Water regularly and fertilize sparingly

The mountain palm needs to be watered regularly. Make sure that the earth does not dry out completely, even in winter, but also that no moisture builds up in it.

Young mountain palms are not fertilized at all in the first few years: this promotes root growth. If a houseplant has just been repotted, it usually doesn't need any additional nutrients for about a year. Later, from March to September, low-dose liquid fertilizers for green plants or special palm fertilizers are administered every two to three weeks. You can also switch to a long-term supply of nutrients with fertilizer sticks.

Extra care for the mountain palm

Cutting measures are not necessary for the mountain palm. Old and withered leaves can easily be removed. To do this, cut them off directly on the trunk. If the houseplant shows brown leaf tips, you can cut them off with scissors. You can give mountain palm a special treat if you dust their leaves from time to time or if you occasionally shower off the entire plant: this way it can breathe better. If the air in the room is very dry, it is advisable to spray the mountain palm with lime-free water. This keeps pests like spider mites or scale insects away. If the houseplant is too wet again, black gnats can appear: In this case, watering is stopped at first and then watered much more economically. So-called yellow plugs or yellow boards from gardening stores help in the case of bad infestation.

Bergpalme
Bergpalme

Mountain palm tree

Photo: www.palmeperpaket.de

Multiply mountain palm yourself

With a little patience, the mountain palm can be propagated by sowing itself. If you do not have your own seeds, you can use purchased seeds. These are usually even higher quality and have a higher probability of germination. The seeds are first placed in lukewarm water for a good two days to soften their hard shell. Then they come to a bright and warm place in pots with growing soil, which are either covered with a simple foil hood or placed in a mini greenhouse. The seeds need a high level of humidity to germinate. As soon as the first leaves show up, the cover can be removed. If the plants are large enough, they come in their own pots and are cultivated as usual.

Popular by topic