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Cut roses correctly
Cut roses correctly

Video: Cut roses correctly

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: how to cut roses for the vase 2023, January
Anonim

There is no exact date for the perfect cut of the roses. Even regionally there can be two weeks between the optimal cutting times. The best way to cut your roses is to orientate yourself to nature and its changes - as soon as the forsythia begins to bloom, you can start cutting your roses without hesitation.

The right cut

In order to be able to cut the shoots smoothly and cleanly, it is important to use sharp rose scissors - this will keep the wound area the smallest. If you use blunt scissors, there is a risk of crushing or tearing off the shoots. This creates a larger entry area for diseases. If you make the cut half a centimeter diagonally above a bud, the rainwater has a good opportunity to drain off. With an oblique cut, however, the wound area is larger than with a straight cut. Therefore, cut straight rather than at an angle. Also make sure that the top bud is facing out.

General rules for the rose cut

Removing all dead and damaged shoots is the be-all and end-all if the rose pruning is to be successful. Do not cut the strong shoots very much, as the rose distributes its strength to many buds and numerous new shoots are created. You should cut back weaker shoots - the plant does not have to use any force for them and there are few strong shoots. The flower formation depends on the rose class and takes place either on the annual or biennial wood. If you want to have many flowers, then try to achieve as many second and third order branches as possible with your cut.

Rangordnung der Rosentriebe
Rangordnung der Rosentriebe

The side shoots are classified in order of years.

Photo: MSG / Claudia Schick

The right cut for every rose class

With a wrong cut, you are doing the rose no good. In order to promote the development of the rose, it is important that you know which class it belongs to.

Keep the floribunda compact

Under the best conditions, the floribunda forms many flower-rich flower shoots. The bushy character of floribunda roses is only preserved if you don't let them become too long - the rose would fall apart. You can cut back a well-growing floribunda rose to five shoots with five buds, and a badly growing one to three shoots with three eyes.

Beetrosen-Rückschnitt
Beetrosen-Rückschnitt

For older floribunda roses, a shoot of several years should be removed.

Photo: MSG / Claudia Schick

Stimulate the growth of hybrid roses

The hybrid rose is pruned so that it can form many long, straight flower stems. Reduce a strongly growing rose variety to five to six thick shoots and weakly growing rose varieties to three to four shoots. Just like the floribunda roses, prune the stronger shoots on five eyes and the weaker ones on three.

Tip: In order to stimulate the rejuvenation by new shoots, you always cut back a multi-year shoot in bed roses as well as precious roses until they reach the ground.

Flowering shrub roses

The more often blooming shrub roses include wild roses as well as historical roses and modern roses. Depending on the variety, they can reach a total size of three meters. So that the annual shoots and their flowers can be kept at all, the shrub roses must form a solid framework of shoots of the first and second order. With modern shrub roses, therefore, only shorten the shoots from the previous year by a third. Cut the remaining branches back to three to five buds so that flower-bearing shoots can form. Remove all broken and old shoots completely. Leave three to five main shoots - these form the rose. With historical shrub roses, however, leave several shoots. They usually have many thin shoots and rely on support from the masses.

Schnitt öfterblühender Strauchrosen
Schnitt öfterblühender Strauchrosen

The mostly overhanging shrub roses reach a height of 1.2 to three meters, depending on the variety.

Photo: MSG / Claudia Schick

Wild roses and single-flowering shrub roses

Many historical shrub roses belong to the group of single-flowering shrub roses and represent a special case. They bloom on perennial shoots. Remove dead and sick shoots. Avoid a strong cut in the spring - rather cut properly in the summer. You cut out the thickest shoot from the fifth year.

Easy-care small shrub roses

You don't have to prune easy-care small shrub roses. It is enough to remove shoots that grow too close or interfere. So that the small shrub rose can sprout again, you should cut it back properly every five years.

Flowering climbing roses

Climbing roses remove all shoots that do not grow in the right direction. With one cone cut - cut to three to five eyes - you can machine all branches of the second or higher order along the main shoots. A balanced relationship between old and young wood (one to two years old) is ideal: If a strong long shoot has developed from the roots in the last year, remove an old shoot from the base.

Schnitt öfterblühender Kletterrosen
Schnitt öfterblühender Kletterrosen

A balanced ratio of young and old wood is ideal.

Photo: MSG / Claudia Schick

Single flowering climbing roses

Again, all sick or broken shoots are removed as close to the base as possible. If the climbing rose has enough first-order shoots, take a first-order shoot from the third year. Two- to three-year-old shoots, which had flowers last year, cut back on three buds. With Climber roses it is important that you leave the long shoots standing. Otherwise, the original growth habit could break through.

Zimmerpflanzen im Sense of Home Shop
Zimmerpflanzen im Sense of Home Shop

Photo: iStock / dropStock

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