Table of contents:
- Heather landscape in miniature
- Care and planting tips for heather
- The heather varieties
- Broom heather - a shrub that has it all
- Winter beauty Erika
- Does heather need to be cut?
- Design the autumn garden with heather
- Jewelery for the autumn balcony
- Erika as a houseplant
- Decorative bouquets
- Heather as table decoration
Video: Heather: Care and planting tips for Erika
Heather makes its grand entrance in autumn: the small shrubs ensure a good mood in the sadness of the wet and cold season. Everything you need to know about the care and design of the Erika plant.
Heather landscape in miniature
Heather gardens are becoming increasingly popular. They are undemanding, easy to maintain and - with the right variety of varieties - offer a varied sight almost all year round. If you are planning a larger heathland, you can include light hills and sandy paths in the design to recreate the natural look of heathland. Boulders or mighty tree roots also offer the opportunity to bring natural shapes and structures into the heath garden. Such elements can also be easily integrated into smaller gardens. Blooming heather gardens are not only a feast for the eyes, but also a valuable habitat for many insects, birds and other interesting microorganisms.
A heather landscape can also be selectively embedded in the garden, e.g. B. as here as a small rock garden
/ Peter Turner Photography
Care and planting tips for heather
- Heather gardens need a lot of sun, so a southern exposure is ideal.
- If the drought persists, additional watering is required so that the plants do not dry out.
- Always plant heather in groups according to variety, in order to achieve the color carpet typical of heather beds. However, be careful not to place the plants too close together, as the individual specimens need space for their development.
- When replanted, 10 to 12 plants per square meter are recommended. Before planting, consider the flowering times, flower and leaf color as well as the vigor of the individual varieties in order to achieve an optimal effect.
- Cover gaps with bark mulch until a closed heather carpet has formed, so weeds have no chance.
Do you want to create a heather garden at the house? Then choose a south facing position, small hills and waves give structure to the mini heathland
The heather varieties
Heather or Erika, what's right? The term heather is synonymous with two different types of heather: the heather (Calluna) and the winter heather (Erica). The latter is the “real” heather and also gives its name to the heather family (Ericaceae).
Broom heather - a shrub that has it all
The heather (Calluna vulgaris), a dwarf shrub that grows to a height of between 30 and 50 centimeters, requires a relatively nutrient-poor, lime-free soil that is loosened deeply and enriched with humus. Calluna vulgaris varieties are upright or flat-growing and are available in various shades: They are available with white, pink, red and almost violet-red flowers, simple or double, and with light to dark green, yellowish, bronze or red-brown Leaves. Depending on the variety, the heather blooms from June to November, but its main flowering period is in the colorful autumn months of September and October.
For a number of years, the existing range of callunes has been expanded to include the so-called bud heather. The advantage of this plant: its late and long flowering period. The peculiarity of these Calluns is that the buds just do not bloom and therefore cannot fade. They remain in the bud stage and shine as colored buds deep into winter. In contrast to conventional varieties, their buds are extremely robust and weatherproof. The colored sepals, which cover the buds as a protective cover, can even survive freezing temperatures down to -10 ° C. Bud heather is available in all classic heather colors. Some varieties also have yellow foliage that glows in the sun in addition to the flowers.
Winter beauty Erika
In contrast to the heather, hibernating snow heather (Erica carnea) also thrives on typical garden soil if it contains enough humus. The main flowering period lasts from December to April, but some buds open in November. It is available with white, red and pink flowers. Erica gracilis, the bell heath, has always been part of the repertoire of a heather bed. This delicate heather plant shines from October to December. Their color palette ranges from pure white to various shades of pink to strong red and red-violet.
Snow heath is particularly robust and frost-resistant and therefore blooms through the winter
/ Iva Vagnerova
Does heather need to be cut?
Yes! In nature it is the moorland that keep plants short. In the garden you have to do the pruning yourself. So the heather bushes do not grow too high, stay nice and dense and the flower formation is promoted. Pruning always takes place immediately after flowering and depends on the variety (heather, for example, will fade at the end, snow heather only at the end of March). In order not to prune the plants too much, it is best to cut them off directly below the inflorescences.
Design the autumn garden with heather
Broom heather and Erica harmonize excellently with other autumn bloomers such as chrysanthemums and shrub veronica. Grasses, such as pipe grass, or various woody plants that also occur in the natural heathland, such as birch trees, pine trees that remain small, juniper pillars or gorse, provide a structure.
Great combination partner to the heath: the juniper bush
/ Mari Arnover
Jewelery for the autumn balcony
Heather plants with their many colorful flowers delay the beginning of winter and pamper our eyes in the autumn sun with rich tones, delicate flowers and a delicate nectar fragrance. Frost-hardy heather (Erica carnea) and moor or bell heather (Erica tetralix) are popular autumn plants for the balcony. The delicate bell heather thrives in balcony boxes, bowls and tubs from October to December. However, it is not frost hardy, and is therefore ideal as a houseplant during the winter months. Other autumn bloomers such as grasses, chrysanthemums, veronica, potted myrtle, Günsel or silver leaf are suitable for beautiful combinations in the tub.
Erika also provides color on the autumn and winter balconies. Plant either single varieties or combined with other autumn flowers
Erika as a houseplant
Heide feels comfortable in almost every living environment. It is easy to maintain and does not place any great demands on its location. Either set up solo or combined with other types of heather. Simple planters in a cool silver metallic look underline the elegant touch of the small white flowers of the heather plant. Down-to-earth and earthy are white or red heather in terracotta jars. Pots wrapped with plain or colored paper or fabric give the appearance the right kick and young living style that certain something.
What many may not know: Erika is also an excellent and above all undemanding houseplant
The branches of the heather, densely covered with flowers and buds, are almost predestined to be processed in bundles. For example, Erika can be used to wrap autumnal berries and fruits or individual fresh seasonal flowers. To do this, combine the berries or mistletoe branches. Then fold the branches with Erika and tie them down. You can also wrap this bouquet with colored vine twine to emphasize the resulting “sheaf look”. If you want to combine Erika with fresh flowers, put glass tubes in the Erika bundle and fill them with fresh flowers.
Even unusual arrangements have their charms: combine z. B. a bowl of heather with individual orchid flowers. This exotic beauty fits perfectly with the fine structure of the heather. Whether you prefer a tone-on-tone combination or a color contrast is entirely up to your personal taste.
Autumn bouquet with heather, ferns, hydrangeas
Heather as table decoration
As a decorative table decoration, Erika gives every autumn meal a charming touch. Stylish flower arrangements as well as artistic autumn creations made from heather, with wild grasses and autumn fruits such as pumpkin are not only eye-catchers on festive days. The bud bloomers are suitable for many decorations and offer a wide range of colors. Be creative and discover the new possibilities! Your guests will be amazed and happy to take a second look.
Autumn table decoration with heather. Your guests will be amazed
/ Yulia YasPe