Table of contents:
- Construction of the hip roof
- What types of hipped roof are there?
- The cost of a hipped roof
- The advantages of a hipped roof
- The disadvantages of a hipped roof
Video: Hip roof: overview of construction and costs
The hip roof, like the saddle and flat roofs, is one of the most common forms of roof construction and adorns stately buildings or old farmhouses. The main task of the roof is to protect the house from the weather. Since the reliability of the building element depends on the preservation of the entire building, the choice of roof shape should be carefully considered. Read below about the advantages and disadvantages of the hipped roof and what else you should know about it.
Construction of the hip roof
The hipped roof is one of the oldest roof shapes. The surfaces of this roof are inclined on all sides, i.e. on both the eaves and gable sides. The degree of inclination is often almost the same. As a result, the walls are usually flush with the same height on all sides.
The roof parts, which replace the gable, are called hipped. At the top all roof areas come together to form the ridge. If the ridge is omitted because all roof sides meet at the same point, one speaks of a tent roof or alternatively also of a pyramid roof.
If the ridge does not apply to the hipped roof, it is a pyramid roof.
Photo: iStock / steverts
What types of hipped roof are there?
The half-hipped, cropped or half-hipped is a simplified form of the hipped roof. The gable ends are not completely designed as a hip. In most cases, they are only available in a shortened form. This type of hipped roof is particularly popular because with this type of roof construction, partition walls are created that make the top floor particularly effective.
The foot hip is a mixture of saddle and hip roof. There is a small gable in the upper area. This then merges into a roof area and ends again uniformly with the other roof sides. The foot hip roof is very common because it combines the advantages of different roof shapes and is very robust. This form of roof is not only popular in Europe, but also on other continents such as Asia.
The so-called Lower Saxony gable is also a special form of the hip roof. This roof structure, which resembles the foot hipped, is placed at an apparently arbitrary point and does not begin at the ridge of the roof, nor does it end at the eaves edge. With the Lower Saxony gable, a house can be given a particularly characteristic appearance.
The foot hip roof can often be seen on old half-timbered houses.
Photo: iStock / RossHelen
The cost of a hipped roof
In terms of costs, the hipped roof is above other roof shapes, because the omitted gables create a larger roof area for the hipped roof. At the same time, however, the costs for the gable walls are eliminated. Depending on the design and material, the additional costs are sometimes significantly reduced again.
For the construction of the roof structure, an approximate square meter price of 100 euros should be expected for a hipped roof. Added to this are the costs for roofing and insulation. Here the effort is heavily dependent on the material selected. If the choice falls on simple clay roof tiles, the price per square meter is around 25 euros. If, on the other hand, a copper roof is desired, amounts starting at 90 euros can be expected. Of course, these are only guidelines, because each roof is unique. Roughly calculated, a hipped roof costs around 50 percent more than a gable roof, for example. In addition, there is the cost of a loft conversion if you want to use the space for living.
The hipped roof is by no means only suitable for old houses. It also looks good on modern bungalows.
Photo: epr / SchwörerHaus
The advantages of a hipped roof
A hipped roof has many different advantages. First of all, it is more stable than all other roof types. This is due in particular to the construction of the roof structure, which uses considerably more wood than, for example, a gable roof.
With regard to the weather conditions, the hipped roof is particularly resistant to wind and rain. In addition, the hip roof can withstand a higher snow load than other roof types. These points ensure that the hipped roof is a sensible solution, especially in the coastal but also in the mountainous regions. There is also less maintenance due to the lack of a gable.
If the house is in the right position, it is also possible to use all roof areas for a solar system. This means that the additional costs for installing the roof can be amortized within a short time.
Furthermore, the hipped roof enables special structural features. A balcony on the gable side below a crippled hipped is, for example, perfectly protected against rain, wind and sunshine by the protruding hipped. On the other hand, if the hip is pulled down to the ground on one side, a perfectly protected storage and storage room is created.
Hip roofs are particularly popular in coastal areas because they can withstand weathering very well.
Photo: iStock / querbeet
The disadvantages of a hipped roof
Considerable additional costs for the construction of the hipped roof are probably the biggest disadvantage of this roof shape. The higher price arises on the one hand from the much more complex construction, and on the other hand from the higher need for material due to the larger roof area. In addition, additional time is to be expected for a new building, since the production of the roof structure is much more complicated. Accordingly, the total construction time of a building with a hipped roof is significantly longer than that of a comparable house with a different roof shape.
Another disadvantage is the limited use of the attic as living space. Due to the haw there is a sloping roof on each side of the house, which makes it difficult to place furniture and significantly reduces the usable area. Furthermore, roof windows must be used, which also represent an additional cost item.
A hipped roof is higher in cost than other types of roof, but is convincing due to its durability and diverse design options. Depending on the location of the house and the individual requirements for optical sophistication, a hip roof can be the ideal roof shape.