Table of contents:

Saddle roof: construction and costs at a glance
Saddle roof: construction and costs at a glance

Video: Saddle roof: construction and costs at a glance

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Video: SADDLE ROOF SOLUTION.flv 2023, February
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The saddle roof is one of the most popular roof shapes in Germany. And rightly so, because on the one hand the construction is quite simple and therefore keeps the costs within limits, on the other hand it still offers space for individuality.

Table of contents Table of contents gable roof: overview of construction and costs

  • Saddle roof: the construction
  • Which degree of inclination is recommended when?
  • Special forms of the gable roof
  • What types are there?
  • What are the advantages?
  • What are the disadvantages?
  • What is the cost of a gable roof?
  • Sample calculation: What does a gable roof cost?
  • Conclusion

Table of contents Table of contents gable roof: overview of construction and costs

  • Saddle roof: the construction
  • Which degree of inclination is recommended when?
  • Special forms of the gable roof
  • What types are there?
  • What are the advantages?
  • What are the disadvantages?
  • What is the cost of a gable roof?
  • Sample calculation: What does a gable roof cost?
  • Conclusion

Saddle roof: the construction

The saddle roof is one of the simpler roof constructions: It is made up of two opposite roof surfaces that tilt towards each other and meet at the highest point of the roof. This highest point is called Dachfirst.

A saddle roof (sometimes also called a gable roof) is constructed either as a rafters or as a purlin roof, so that a certain amount of leeway is created in the design of the roof pitch and the eaves height.

Which degree of inclination is recommended when?

The gable roof is a particularly robust roof shape that defies wind and weather. Nevertheless, the local weather conditions should be taken into account in the construction. If a lot of rain is to be expected, a steeper gable roof is more appropriate, since the rain flows away so quickly. If a lot of snow is to be expected, it should be calculated exactly which slope is best suited. If the slope is too flat, the snow remains on the roof and can exert an enormous load on the roof when wet. If the construction is too steep, all of the snow will slide off in an uncontrolled manner and may (depending on the location of the house) cause damage below.

The average pitch of a gable roof in Germany is between 35 and 45 degrees. However, you are not completely free to choose, since both the eaves height and the ridge height are generally defined by local requirements.

Special forms of the gable roof

Depending on the inclination of the roof surfaces, various special shapes of the gable roof have prevailed, for which there are special names:

  • If the roof pitch is exactly 62 degrees, one speaks of a Gothic or Old German roof.
  • If the symmetrical roof surfaces are inclined at exactly 60 degrees, the gable roof is called the Old Franconian roof or the Old French roof.
  • If the roof pitch is 45 degrees, the gable roof is called a new German roof or sometimes also an angled roof.
  • One speaks of a flat gable roof when the roof pitch is 30 degrees or even less.

What types are there?

A gable roof can be built symmetrically, so that both roof areas are of the same size, incline at the same angle and meet the other roof area exactly in the middle above the house.

In an asymmetrical variant, however, the ridge is not in the middle of the house, but offset to one side. This results in an uneven inclination of the two roof areas and also different roof area sizes.

Inside this house, this asymmetrical roof shape, which is also known as the Berlin roof, creates a steeper and a less steeply inclined wall. With a saddle roof you have to make do with more sloping ceilings than with a pent roof, but with less than with a hip roof.

Pultdach
Pultdach

The pent roof is one of the rather rare roof shapes in Germany. In contrast to other constructions, it does not have two, but only an inclined roof surface.

Photo: Möller, Cecilia / living4media

What are the advantages?

When choosing the roof shape, numerous other aspects play a role in addition to the costs. The advantages and disadvantages of different roof structures should therefore be carefully compared.

The advantages of the saddle roof are as follows:

  • Simple construction / low construction costs
  • Versatile design options
  • High robustness and weather resistance
  • Low maintenance effort
  • Gaining space above the upper floor
  • Integration of dormers possible
  • Environmentally friendly roofing conceivable
  • Well usable for photovoltaics and solar thermal
  • Timeless design

What are the disadvantages?

In addition to the numerous advantages of a saddle roof, there are also a few disadvantages that come with this common roof construction form. The disadvantages of a saddle roof are:

  • Limited exposure options only through roof and gable windows
  • Loss of living space on steep gable roofs
  • No individuality due to high distribution

What is the cost of a gable roof?

When building a saddle roof, not only does the material have to be paid for, but of course the work performed must also be rewarded. How high these two cost items are depends on the individual circumstances, because these factors are decisive for the total costs of a gable roof:

  • Size of the roof
  • Individual constructions such as dormers
  • Selected mounting material (approx. 20-100 euros per square meter)
  • Craftsman costs (sometimes very different from region to region)

Sample calculation: What does a gable roof cost?

The cost of a gable roof is rather low compared to more complex roof structures. For the roof construction, they average around 60 euros per square meter. In addition, the same sum per square meter for the insulation can be expected.

Added to this are the costs for the mounting material selected. The more frugal you show yourself here, the lower the total costs in the end. Ultimately, the craftsman's costs still have to be taken into account, which can vary greatly depending on the location. A precise comparison is definitely worthwhile here.

Assuming a roof with a total area of ​​160 square meters, construction and insulation costs of 60 euros each and a roof covering for a price of 50 euros per square meter, the total costs for such a gable roof are 27, 200 euros (170 euros per square meter).

Conclusion

The gable roof is a cost-effective alternative for all those who are looking for a low-maintenance and therefore financially attractive roof solution for comparatively little money when building a house. The gain in space in the attic is another plus of this roof shape. Thanks to numerous design options, the gable roof can set visual accents despite the simple shape and become an individual eye-catcher.

Nadine Kleber

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