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Maple wood: appearance, properties and use
Maple wood: appearance, properties and use
Video: Maple wood: appearance, properties and use
Video: The Many Faces of Maple - A Woodworkers Guide to the Many Varieties of Maple Lumber 2023, February
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Maple wood looks particularly noble and is therefore often used in furniture making. Read here what properties wood has, where it is used and what disadvantages it has.

Maple wood is characterized by its light color and is one of the most valuable local fine woods. Of the 150 different types of maple, only 13 are found in Europe. However, Norway maple and sycamore are mainly relevant for industrial use. In North America, ash maple and sugar maple are also processed.

Appearance

colour

Depending on the type of maple, the wood differs in its color. The sycamore maple is the lightest type of wood, but yellows over time.

The maple varies in color between yellowish and partly slightly gray tones, and the field maple has a more reddish color. American and Canadian maple is mostly yellowish brown and much darker than European maple. In general, the color of maple wood is very uniform, with no visible border between heartwood and sapwood.

Good to know: When processing and drying the wood, excessive heating should be avoided, otherwise the light color may change to a dark yellow or brown.

Grain

Maple wood is characterized by a homogeneous structure, which is characterized by fine pores. Only maple wood, which comes from burl, can have different drawings. European maple also has very fine light brown lines.

Schrank aus Ahornholz
Schrank aus Ahornholz

Maple wood is characterized by a homogeneous grain with fine pores.

Photo: living4media / EWAStock

characteristics

Maple wood is often used in furniture making and is particularly impressive due to its high strength and elasticity. Since it is not particularly hard wood, it can be processed and impregnated extremely well. If stored incorrectly, however, there is a risk of tearing and turning blue.

In order for the maple to retain its light color, it is important to turn the boards upside down when drying (pile of braids). This enables faster evaporation of the amount of water present in the end of the trunk. As soon as the boards become round, the wood has to be arranged horizontally and then re-stacked every six months.

The wood should not be used outdoors because it is hardly weather-resistant and tends to fungal growth in damp places.

Since it is very resistant to wear, maple wood is also ideal as a floor covering.

Treppe aus Ahornholz
Treppe aus Ahornholz

Due to the high resistance to wear and tear, maple wood is very suitable for floor coverings and stairs.

Photo: living4media / von Einsiedel, Andreas

use

Maple wood is used both in the manufacture of furniture and in interior fittings.

Ahornholz
Ahornholz

Maple wood.

Photo: HDH

Especially as solid wood, it convinces with its white, light surface and creates a nice contrast in dark rooms. In the 1950s and 60s, wood was hard to imagine. After being forgotten for a while, it is now more popular than ever. The maple wood is also used as floor or stair covering and convinces with its durability. It is particularly effective as a decorative element in combination with dark wood. In the art sector, wood is valued for its processing properties, which are ideal for carving, turning and sculpting. It is also suitable for the production of children's toys.

Ahornholz
Ahornholz

Light maple wood can be combined well with dark wood.

Photo: living4media / EWAStock

Overview of advantages and disadvantages of maple wood

benefits

disadvantage

high strength and elasticity

not weatherproof

high resistance to wear

tends to fungal

can be easily processed and impregnated

tends to tear

uniform appearance

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