Table of contents:
- Design scope
- Hinged doors: plan carefully
- Sliding doors: smart idea for small spaces
- Swing doors: Useful construction for a chic ambience
Video: Design rooms with beautiful doors
How material, color, size and shape help shape the room.
Material and color, size and shape influence the appearance of the room.
Light doors reflect daylight better than dark ones and make narrow rooms and corridors look larger.
White doors testify to an upscale living style; Color signals modernity and joie de vivre; Wood creates comfort; and a glass door leaf stands for openness.
Most builders and renovators opt for light wood shades such as maple and birch, beech and ash. Dark woods are currently the trend: brown to black oak, reddish wood from cherry and walnut and strongly grained tropical tones.
With stain or glaze, the surface of inexpensive types of wood is refined and the wood structure is visible. Varnishes or coatings hide grain and knots and give doors a very individual look.
Mostly you install functional, single-leaf doors; if a room should look representative, you can afford a door with two wings. Rung frames and friezes, lead glazing and panes with integrated LED lights set accents just like doors and frames with an arch. If you are looking for something special, choose a frame with back-mounted lighting.
The door leaf edge also shapes the character of a door: angular design of the door leaf edge is the standard equipment that most builders and renovators choose. Round profiles round off the door leaf edges in an elegant way; a round profile is usually retrofitted. A seamless transition from the door surface to the edge of the door leaf looks chic and makes cleaning the door easier. With profiled edges, doors are often given a historical or representative character.
Hinged doors: plan carefully
Hinged doors are usually installed: their door leaves are attached to hinges on the side, i.e. they are fastened. They hold the door leaf that revolves around the "hinge". That is why such doors are also called revolving doors.
The lock and the door handle are mounted on the opposite side, this side is referred to as the lock side. Hinges, locks and doorknobs are grouped together under the name "fittings".
If the hinge side is to the left of the inside of the door (the room side), it is a DIN left door, a DIN right door has its hinge side to the right of the inside of the door. What is cheaper depends on the planned furnishing of a room and the main walking direction of the residents. In most cases, the direction of attack is decided individually for each room.
Experts also distinguish the direction of the hinge from the direction of the hinge: It indicates the side of the wall to which the door opens - usually into the room towards the inside of the room. For public buildings and schools, for example, doors are required that open outwards. Plan the opening direction of the door to suit your needs: it usually pivots into the space it closes. Exceptions can prove to be more practical for small rooms such as a guest toilet or pantry.
Sliding doors: smart idea for small spaces
Sliding doors are recommended where building owners or renovators have to be stingy with space or where excessively wide wall openings are to be elegantly closed. There are sliding doors made of wood or glass with one or two movable leaves, optionally with fixed parts.
Sliding doors do not always seal the room tightly, there is an air gap between the wall or frame and the pane or door leaf. However, it is so narrow that kitchen fumes or dust, for example, are effectively stopped.
Some models run on casters at the top and sit in a rail at the bottom - if this does not run flush in the floor covering, it often turns out to be a trip hazard. For sophisticated sliding door models, a fastening in the upper area is sufficient - the floor rail does not disturb the even appearance of a continuous covering. The upper roller track can be mounted on the wall, under the ceiling or in the lintel, the elements move visibly in front of the wall or disappear in a wall pocket.
In new buildings, sliding doors that run in the cavity of the wall are preferred - a wall thickness of at least 145 millimeters is required. Retrofitting is easier in front of the wall.
Swing doors: Useful construction for a chic ambience
Swing doors are called self-closing doors that open on both sides, the door leaf swings around a special swing door hinge. The doors do not take up more space than conventional hinged doors, but are sometimes more comfortable - especially in frequently used passageways. With full shopping bags in your hands, for example, or a laundry basket, it is difficult to open a conventional hinged door, and dirty hands leave fingerprints on the door leaf or handle on the way to the bathroom. Swing doors save energy and cleaning work, they open in the desired direction with a slight push. On intelligent swing doors, an adjustable swing fitting controls the pressure to which the door leaf swivels. This is particularly useful in households with small children or the elderly who have little strength in their hands. A 90-degree hold-open function keeps the door open on request. Those who enjoy chic design opt for concealed screw-on technology and elegant door hinges.