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Winter garden
Winter garden

Video: Winter garden

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: 180 Winter Garden SuNrOOm Design Ideas 2023, January

The frost is just around the corner and you want to overwinter your beloved garden plants? You can get gardening tips from our expert John Langley.

Table of contents Table of contents How to make your garden winter-proof

  • Good winter protection begins in autumn
  • The best place to spend the winter
  • The winter garden
  • The garage
  • Wintering in your own garden
  • Make potted plants hardy
  • Wintering with different materials
  • The right containers against frost
  • Flower beds, lawns and shrubs in winter
  • Final sprint in autumn: what to do before the frost

Table of contents Table of contents How to make your garden winter-proof

  • Good winter protection begins in autumn
  • The best place to spend the winter
  • The winter garden
  • The garage
  • Wintering in your own garden
  • Make potted plants hardy
  • Wintering with different materials
  • The right containers against frost
  • Flower beds, lawns and shrubs in winter
  • Final sprint in autumn: what to do before the frost

Good winter protection begins in autumn

In order to make container plants winter-proof, the so-called famous "orangeries" were built with great effort in the 17th century - only for this purpose. But not everyone in their garden can implement this baroque lifestyle, which takes up a lot of space. Even small deeds let many of our native plants successfully survive the winter. John Langley: “Anyone who lets their plants grow fully in autumn and accustomed them to low temperatures has already hardened them. Because when fertilization is stopped, the plant tissue can mature well and is less susceptible to frost. Special care needs holiday memories brought in from the warm south. But you should also protect your other plants sufficiently from frost.”

The best place to spend the winter

John Langley: "The right location is crucial for survival - even frost-hardy plants." The expert advises to place container plants in the shade in the wind so that they do not dry up or freeze. Excessive weather such as wind, sun and dry air dry out the aerial parts of the plant, while the roots cannot supply water from the frozen soil. Evergreen plants like ivy and rhododendron that evaporate a lot of moisture over the large leaf areas could die of thirst under such circumstances.

The winter garden

“Your own winter garden is extremely well suited for the wintering of your plants, provided that there are no living room temperatures. Strong temperature changes, which can occur in high sunshine in the winter garden, should be avoided since container plants cannot tolerate them. Ideally, the temperature is eight degrees Celsius, but in any case between two and ten degrees. In this way, plants such as angel's trumpet, agave, laurel or solanum and aukube can be wintered over,”said Langley.

The garage

The garage can also be used to hibernate your plants, but cold should be avoided. Only more robust species like pomegranate or fig survive there in winter.

Wintering in your own garden

Some species can also survive outside in the garden, such as the older fig plants, Citrus fortunella or Poncirus, a prickly citrus species, and yuccas. According to Langley, however, it is important to ensure sufficient soil moisture. Camellias, for example, must be overwintered frost-free, as they are very sensitive to the roots in contrast to the above-ground parts. In our region you can only plant in very few varieties: Camellia oleifera, Camellia sasanqua and Camellia reticulata; eg "Frost Prince" and "Frost Queen". A prerequisite for this is a mild winter area. This can be ensured by a protected place near a wall, on the east side of a house or by a layer of mulch made of straw.

Make potted plants hardy

The garden expert warns: “In general, winter damage to hardy tub plants does not result from freezing through the root area, but from quick freezing and thawing in the sun. This creates tension in the tissue of the plants, causing their cell walls to tear and parts of them to die. Evergreen plants such as cherry laurel, boxwood or rhododendron are particularly affected.”

In order to prevent this, planted out must be thoroughly watered and appropriate shading provided in the sun. A sheltered location is also an advantage. If container plants have surprisingly got frost, they are sprayed with cold water before sunrise, watered a little and protected from the sun. After they have dried, they are used to slightly higher temperatures and then placed in winter storage.

Der Gartenexperte John Langley mit Blumen
Der Gartenexperte John Langley mit Blumen

Garden expert John Langley with flowers.

Photo: Hilia Höpker

Wintering with different materials

Regarding the wintering, you can firstly contact the horticultural specialist trade, which offers a wintering service. Langley: "The optimal brightness and temperature under nursery conditions naturally provide ideal conditions." On the other hand, you can also overwinter your plants yourself. You can do this with different materials. The expert advises on the following materials and explains their advantages:

Foliage & wire mesh The pot-in-pot method has proven to be very suitable. The bucket

placed in a larger vessel (e.g. a mason bucket) and the space

is filled with a flexible wire mesh, which is ventilation and reliable

Offers frost protection. Dry foliage becomes in the space between the plant and the fence

or given straw.

Straw & burlap sack Place smaller plants in jute sacks (old potato sacks). The cavities

are then filled with straw or leaves, even under the jar

a layer of straw or leaves attached.

Straw & styrofoam For larger plants, it is advisable to use a commercially available, to encase reusable straw mat. First of all this

be tied together, then only the pot (on polystyrene

standing) are protected with leaves. Thick polystyrene sheets between the ground

and the bottom of the pot protect the sensitive roots.

Hood & branches There are special protective hoods for standard stem roses in the garden center.

After the rose was cut back to approx. 40 cm in the upper area, the plant prepared for winter with evergreen conifers or

wrapped with a cut jute sack, then the breathable

Professional protective cover put on and tied together at the trunk. By

Fixed cords prevent the wind from blowing the upholstery away.

Pimples or plastic sheeting should not be used for this as they do not

Air circulation offers and thus inevitably causes fungal and putrefaction.

Fir and spruce Fir branches offer a natural possibility, preferably climbing roses

to protect. To do this, the needle-like branches between

the rose branches stuck. If you take spruce, you don't need it in spring

remove it from the roses so quickly. Since these needles faster than

Fir trees, they already let enough sunlight to the slowly emerging

Rose. This can counteract a possible sunburn.

Fleece & protection Hardy plants should be kept in tubs before exposure to frost and

Winter sun, e.g. B. be protected by shading. Fleece is a lightweight

Material and can therefore be placed directly on the plants or with bamboo sticks

be tied up. Since the material is translucent, it is easy to use

with evergreen woods such as privet and boxwood. So it serves as

Protection against sun and evaporation, but not as protection for the root area.

The right containers against frost

Ceramic buckets have to “sound” when knocking against them. If not, the pot is likely to have hairline cracks or tension. The penetration of water increases such material damage and can contribute to frost and thus to the destruction of the plants. If you are not sure whether ceramic containers are frost-proof, you can treat them with special paints (available from gardening stores) that close the open pores. "However, only vessels with a hole for drainage can provide ideal frost protection, " says Langley. So that the cold coming from the ground does not rise up to the plant, the buckets should be placed in an elevated position, optionally on styrofoam or on similar insulating panels. Also cover the planters with burlap, bubble wrap or similar insulating materials. After longer periods of good weather, in which the trees are already slightly driven out and there is a risk of late frosts, the above-ground parts of the plants should be protected, for example with reed mats or burlap. To avoid mechanical damage and achieve a good insulation effect, do not place the covering material directly on the plant parts.

Our garden expert Werner Woog also has tips in the video for the garden in winter:

Flower beds, lawns and shrubs in winter

The flower beds are the first thing to do at the Winterfest making: The flowered annuals are removed, instead there are pansies, forget-me-nots and a thousand and one places. If the areas remain unused, protect them with fallen leaves or grass clippings.

Mow the grasses to a length of three to four centimeters as long as they continue to grow in mild weather. Leaves lying on the lawn also come into the collecting bag. If it was freezing, you shouldn't run across the lawn: it harms the grasses.

To protect the domestic fauna, shrubs and trees may only be cut or felled from October 1. With summer flowering trees, you wait until the leaves are shed. Then her rest period begins, during which she can be brought into shape. With coconut mats, shading nets and reed or heather mats, you can spend the winter in your garden with shrubs, shrubs and shrubs. Especially with freshly planted perennials, cover the root area with coconut mats before the frost: cut crosses into the mats and push the young perennials through the opening. When it thaws again and the root of a perennial that has not yet grown is exposed, the coconut mat also provides the necessary sun protection. Since evergreen shrubs evaporate water even in this season, you should water them vigorously. If an exceptionally warm day follows a cold night, evergreen hedges and shrubs are at risk of sunburn. Shading nets (also available in hedge length) filter light and are suitable for this purpose even after a cut in spring and late year. Frost-sensitive plants are wrapped in a reed or heather mat and girded with a coconut knit: a nice winter dress for trees such as magnolia, lilac and other sensitive plants that grow in unfortunate locations.

Final sprint in autumn: what to do before the frost

Planting shrubs: Late autumn is also a good time for planting fruit trees, shrubs and roses: dig out the planting hole twice as deep and wide as the root ball. Mix soil with compost, plant trees sufficiently deep.

Winter roses: bedding roses, precious and small shrub roses before strong frosts from December to 15 to 20 centimeters high with loose soil or compost. To protect against winter sun and wind, always cover all rose shoots with coniferous twigs.

Harvesting vegetables: You can either put shredded crops on the compost or dig them up, well chopped, into the vegetable patch. Head cabbage is harvested before November 18, according to the old gardener's rule. Kale, on the other hand, only gets its typical taste through exposure to frost.

Caring for garden tools: Clean and grease tools before you put them away. Remove light rust with a wire brush, a rust remover helps to remove stronger stains.

Turn off the water pipe: Let the pipes run empty in the garden, otherwise they risk bursting in frost. Also empty watering cans, rain barrels and other water containers completely: Then winter can come.

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