Table of contents:

Houseplant portrait Guzmania / Guzmanie
Houseplant portrait Guzmania / Guzmanie
Video: Houseplant portrait Guzmania / Guzmanie
Video: Как отделить деток Гузмании (Guzmania) 2023, February
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As a houseplant, the Guzmania or Guzmania provides color in the house even without showy flowers. How? We'll tell you here and give tips on care.

Table of contents Table of contents Guzmania: Colorful houseplant

  • Blossoms? Nothing!
  • Houseplant with a high ornamental value
  • Carefully chosen location
  • If in doubt, use bromeliad earth
  • Tips for watering and fertilizing
  • Check for spider mites and scale insects
  • Short-lived, but happy to reproduce

Table of contents Table of contents Guzmania: Colorful houseplant

  • Blossoms? Nothing!
  • Houseplant with a high ornamental value
  • Carefully chosen location
  • If in doubt, use bromeliad earth
  • Tips for watering and fertilizing
  • Check for spider mites and scale insects
  • Short-lived, but happy to reproduce

If one speaks of the Guzmania as a houseplant, it actually means the numerous Guzmania hybrids, which have enriched the range of plants for over 50 years and provide color in the house. They have been and are bred specifically for indoor culture and differ from the natural species. These are native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Guzmania or Guzmania bears the unusual name in honor of Anastasio Guzmán, a Spanish pharmacist and naturalist who lived at the end of the 18th / early 19th century.

Blossoms? Nothing

If Guzmania is known for something, it is for its striking and brightly colored flowers. But what glows so wonderfully fiery red, neon pink, sun yellow or bright orange is actually the colored bracts of the plant, their so-called bracts. The actual flowers of the houseplant are completely inconspicuous. The same misunderstanding also applies to the popular poinsettia.

Houseplant with a high ornamental value

But even without flowers, the guzmania is a very decorative and shapely houseplant. Botanically, it belongs to the bromeliad or pineapple family - a very plausible assignment even for the layperson. The dense and funnel-shaped leaf rosettes are really reminiscent of the leaf crunch of a pineapple.

Carefully chosen location

Guzmania doesn't appreciate moving. Once placed, the houseplant should only be moved as rarely as possible. So choose the location wisely, it should

  • be light to partially shaded,
  • have an increased humidity of at least 50 percent
  • and have constant warm temperatures between 20 and 22 degrees Celsius.

    Experience has shown that Guzmania thrives best in bathrooms with windows or in the heated conservatory.

If in doubt, use bromeliad earth

Specialized retailers have special bromeliad soils that fully meet all the Guzmania requirements for their substrates. You can also use normal potting soil. It only needs to be mixed with some sand beforehand. A thin drainage layer made of expanded clay or similar is recommended at the bottom of the pot: this ensures water drainage and prevents waterlogging. And if the Guzmania doesn't like one thing, it's wet feet.

Gegossen wird die Guzmanie mit möglichst kalkarmem und zimmerwarmem Wasser
Gegossen wird die Guzmanie mit möglichst kalkarmem und zimmerwarmem Wasser

The Guzmania is poured with water that is as low in lime and warm as possible.

Photo: Pflanzenfreude.de

Tips for watering and fertilizing

The Guzmania is poured with water that is as low in lime and warm as possible. Always keep the substrate slightly damp. If it gets too wet, the roots rot and the houseplant can usually not be saved. You get dryness at least as bad. A special feature: Guzmania likes it to be given water both over the earth and directly into the leaf funnel. To increase the humidity, you can also spray it on from time to time. With a little bit of discipline, it can also stand in normal living rooms.

The houseplant is fertilized from March to August. Add liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water every two weeks. You can either use conventional flowering plant fertilizer in low doses or special bromeliad fertilizer exactly according to the instructions.

Check for spider mites and scale insects

Spider mites are typical houseplant pests and unfortunately don't stop before the Guzmania. You can recognize an infestation by fine speckles on the top of the leaves. If scale insects occur, you should shower the plant well and search all parts of the plant for the animals again by hand. In the case of heavy infestation, only oily agents from gardening stores help.

Short-lived, but happy to reproduce

Guzmania can only be cultivated for about a year. After the short flowering period, which falls in late autumn or early winter, the plants die. Before that, however, the mother plant trains Kindel under suitable conditions. These are finished little plants that can be separated and replanted. However, they must be at least half the size of the mother plant itself, otherwise the propagation usually does not work. Put them in loose, nutrient-rich soil and put a glass or some foil over them. With a little luck, they will grow well in a very bright and warm location with at least 25 degrees Celsius, so that you will have a Guzmania as a houseplant again next season.

Ulrike Hanninger Redaktion Haus.de

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