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How to find the right rose variety
How to find the right rose variety

Video: How to find the right rose variety

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Video: Types of Roses: Beginners Guide to Rose Varieties 2023, February

Finding the right rose variety among 30, 000 different specimens is not that easy. It helps if you are very methodical in your search.

First, analyze your own space. Then think about where the rose should be, then make your choice of color. There is a suitable rose variety for every space and every need - which is why the location question is the most important. Rose varieties are differentiated based on their growth habit. Whether standard, bed rose, shrub or climbing rose - if you know the later location, you know in which group you should look for your rose - that limits the huge selection.

Rose varieties for small spaces

Do you only have a tiny balcony? As a rose lover you can still get your money's worth with the right type of rose: a standard tree is just the thing for you. It is pulled in the bucket, so it takes up little space.

As the proud owner of a row house garden, you can, for example, design your patio edging with floribunda roses. They reach heights of 40 to 60 centimeters, grow compact and have many flowers that are close together as lush tufts - their color effect is enormous. Floribunda roses should always be planted in groups, at least three of the same variety. If you want more variety, you should put other bloomers like catnip or gypsophila next to it and not mix different roses - they compete for attention instead of harmoniously complementing each other.

Rose als Hochstämmchen
Rose als Hochstämmchen

Standard trunks are ideal for cramped locations because they are pulled in the bucket.

Photo: living4media / TT News Agency / Ericsson, Peter

Roses in the larger environment

Some types of rose, such as shrub roses, need optical freedom to really come into their own. They reach heights of one to two meters and, when planted in groups, can be a flowery eye-catcher as a hedge or as a privacy screen. If you like it less lavish, just show off a shrub rose as a solitary in the flower bed. There, however, it must remain in the background so as not to cover everyone and everything. For the queen of flowers, this is definitely a recommendable place: for example, delphiniums or grasses can help her as slim guards. A gardening trick with which you underline the attractiveness of the shrub rose.

Rose varieties for the third dimension

With climbing roses you are completely independent of the space available - because they only go up. This rose variety surrounds rose arches or obelisks with meter-long shoots; they can even encase larger pergolas or cover walls. But not if it is a pure south wall: the heat builds up on it and it gets too warm. In general, you have to make sure that the location is suitable for roses: it should be sunny and airy, but not drafty. The soil is also important: it must be able to root through freely to a depth of one meter - if this is not possible, the rose will take care of it later.

Tip: When buying, ask if your rose blooms once or more - this way you can enjoy the plant for as long as possible.

The color of the flowers

It is the last criterion when it comes to selection. A decision is certainly made here, too, if you know the effect of the colors: white flowers appear clear and light, they still shine at dusk. If you want a cheerful sunny mood, look for a variety in yellow. Pink roses create a romantic atmosphere, bright red ones have a good long-distance effect and dark red varieties have an elegant touch.

Weiße Rosen
Weiße Rosen

White roses appear cheerful and light.

Photo: living4media / Piru-Pictures

Rose care made easy: our tips

1. Fertilize roses

You can fertilize your roses for the first time in spring - with horn shavings and compost. The second fertilization is applied in June, before the main bloom. It is best to use special rose fertilizer here. Make sure that you no longer give nitrogenous fertilizer after July 31 - this would reduce the frost hardness of your roses.

2. Water roses

Too little water makes your roses more susceptible to diseases, too much causes them to drown. Pour so that the soil is always slightly damp.

3. Cut roses

You can shorten your roses at the end of March when the budding is already hinting. Be a little more generous when cutting roses - a courageous procedure promotes vigorous growth. Cut flowerbeds and hybrid roses to a height of around 25 centimeters. Cut off shrub roses by a good third. Do not cut back ground roses, wild roses and climbing roses, as well as some historical roses - here you only clear out disturbing shoots. To prevent illness, remove all sections.

Tip: To stimulate new growth, remove the old flowers over the entire flowering period.

4. Avoid discolored leaves

Brown spots and edges on the leaves are caused by late frost, light brown spots by sunburn - remove the affected leaves. Do not put your roses directly in the sun on the first beautiful days and do not water in strong sunlight. Also, never water the leaves, just the earth! Yellowish-brown leaves that fall off indicate a thirsty rose.

TIP: Tie up climbing roses to steer them in the desired direction.

5. Diseases and pests

Green and black sticky colonies are caused by aphids that settle on the shoot tips of the roses. Weak infestations are simply wiped off with a cloth - in the case of more severe infestations, spray with a soft soap / spirit solution or a ready-made solution. Narrow, pale leaves that fall off indicate a lack of nitrogen; pale leaves, on the other hand, where only the leaf veins are green, indicate lead addiction. Both are caused by too calcareous soil, waterlogging or wood damage.

Book tip

Rosen pflegen
Rosen pflegen

Caring for roses: 128 pages, 12.99 euros, Graefe and Unzer Verlag.

Blooming roses make summer in the garden, on the balcony and terrace the most beautiful time of the year. Whether noble floribunda roses, romantic climbing roses or abundantly blooming shrub roses, simple or densely filled, pastel-colored or brightly colored flowers - the range is varied and hard to beat. The "Caring for Roses" guide shows you how to properly care for the queen of flowers.

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