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Build the insect hotel yourself
Build the insect hotel yourself

Video: Build the insect hotel yourself

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Video: Everyone Can Grow A Garden (2018) #7: Build an Insect Hotel 2023, February
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Building an insect hotel yourself made easy: We show you how to do it step by step. Actively and sensibly supporting nature - this is possible with DIY accommodation for a wide range of beneficial organisms. They will find perfect quarters there - and your garden will get a special eye-catcher. Build your own insect hotel - with our clear instructions.

Table of Contents Table of Contents Build Insect Hotel: Instructions for Do It Yourself

  • Insects are useful
  • Dream house for insects
  • Building instructions insect hotel: You need this material
  • Build an insect hotel - step by step
  • The best location for the insect hotel
  • Insect hotel as a nesting site
  • Insights into the insect hotel

Table of Contents Table of Contents Build Insect Hotel: Instructions for Do It Yourself

  • Insects are useful
  • Dream house for insects
  • Building instructions insect hotel: You need this material
  • Build an insect hotel - step by step
  • The best location for the insect hotel
  • Insect hotel as a nesting site
  • Insights into the insect hotel

Do you actually know exactly what an insect hotel is? The name says it all - an accommodation specially built for insects, a place for them to sleep, nest and overwinter. Of course, insects find such quarters in decrepit trees and shrubs with many wormholes, in the cracks of old stores, etc., but these possibilities are becoming increasingly rare. So-called dead wood is usually quickly removed in the wild and in the gardens, and we have long preferred to use our attics ourselves as living space.

Insects are useful

So why build a hotel for wild bees and lacewings, earwigs and predatory bugs? We are usually glad if they don't get too close! However, this is only because we do not know their microcosm. If you know more about the animals and observe them in peace, you will discover a world full of wonders. And learn how useful insects are: wild bees (of which we have hundreds of species, including bumblebees) play an important role as pollinators. Lacewings and ladybugs eat aphids, earwigs also hunt aphids, plus flower and leaf flies as well as solitary wasp species. They all move into quarters in insect hotels.

Build an insect hotel yourself: an eye-catcher in the garden

Such accommodation is of course already ready to buy. You can also easily build and customize it yourself. Well thought out, easy to do, and a great task - especially if you have children: helping them build and later observing the animals is an exciting task. Don't worry - you don't have to fear stings, because wild bees and the other hotel residents are not naturally aggressive.

Dream house for insects

It is best to install the hotel in early spring because the widespread Mason Bees lay their eggs early in the year and can use the house right away. The basic principle for a multi-storey hostel: a wooden box is divided into different levels, filled with different materials and finally covered with tiles or roofing felt. The more diverse the filling elements, the more different types of insects attract them. For example, you can fill individual floors with logs and dead wood, stack rolled-up reed mats and drilled hardwood pieces on top of one another, use drilled branches and trunk discs (the cross-section with the drill holes must point to the front), or layer lattice bricks on top of one another, in the cavities of which you will find hollow and marrow-like materials Stuck plant stems. Important: The wood used for your hotel must always be untreated. How you design the whole thing, whether with a pitched or flat roof, is up to you.

Building instructions insect hotel: You need this material

  • Wine box
  • wedge-shaped piece of wood (e.g. firewood log)
  • Nails
  • wire mesh
  • Staple gun
  • Pieces of reed mat
  • Brick with holes
  • Wooden board the size of the brick
  • straw
  • Piece of hardwood (oak or beech, at least 10 cm deep / high)
  • Wood wool
  • Straws of various thicknesses (e.g. from daylilies)
  • Roofing felt
  • Roofing felt pens
  • brick
  • Substructure to set up

Build an insect hotel - step by step

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 1
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 1

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 1

Photo: Alexander Sell

1

Place the wine box upright, nail a wooden wedge at the top to place the roof tiles (see sketch below). Line the box with wire mesh to protect it from rodents and staple it in place.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 2
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 2

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 2

Photo: Alexander Sell

2nd

Line the inside of the box with pieces of reed mats as weather protection. Place the brick at the bottom at the front edge, place a wooden board behind it to close the tubes at the back. Fill the cavity with straw up to the rear wall.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 3
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 3

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 3

Photo: Alexander Sell

3rd

Drill holes of various sizes (3–10 mm ø) in the hardwood piece - 3 cm deep with thin drills, 6 cm deep with thick drills. First drill the large holes with a small drill.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 4
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 4

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 4

Photo: Alexander Sell

4th

Place the piece of wood flush with the front of the brick; the holes face forward. Stuff the resulting cavity up to the back wall with wood wool or straw. Possibly cover the whole "floor" with a wooden board.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 5
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 5

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 5

Photo: Alexander Sell

5

Cut the plant stalks or reed mats to the appropriate length, they should be about 5 cm shorter than the depth of the box. Fill the entire remaining space (ie the "third floor") tightly with straws.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 6
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 6

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 6

Photo: Alexander Sell

6

This upper part with the straws must be protected from woodpeckers and is therefore covered with a fine wire mesh from the outside. Secure the braid on the side with a staple gun or drawing board pins.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 7
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 7

Build an insect hotel yourself: Step 7

Photo: Alexander Sell

7

The insect house requires a location in full sun, with the opening to the south. To protect against the weather, cover the back (= weather side) with roofing felt from outside, fix it with roofing felting pins.

Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 8
Insektenhotel selber bauen: Step 8

Build your own insect hotel: Step 8

Photo: Alexander Sell

8th

Finally, put on the roof tiles (if necessary, drill through and screw on the wedge). Place the house about 30 cm above the floor, for example on a large stone, so it is protected from splashing water when it rains.

The best location for the insect hotel

When the whole thing is ready, you will see: once ready to move into, the accommodation will quickly pick up - provided it gets a dry location in full sun and the front is facing south. The “rooms” made of wood wool and straw occupy ladybugs, lacewings and earwigs; Wild bees are particularly comfortable in bricks, perforated pieces of wood or tree slices and in stalks.

Dreistöcker Passt in jeden Garten und ist leicht selbst zu bauen: Das Insektenhotel aus einer Weinkiste bietet vielen Nützlingen Platz
Dreistöcker Passt in jeden Garten und ist leicht selbst zu bauen: Das Insektenhotel aus einer Weinkiste bietet vielen Nützlingen Platz

The insect hotel from a wine box offers space for many beneficial insects. The three-stick fits into any garden and is easy to build yourself.

Photo: Utta Stuber

Insect hotel as a nesting site

Wild bees do not use the quarter as a living space, but as a nesting site, because the individual tubes are ideal for their row nests. To do this, they put a packet of bee pollen and nectar (food for the later larvae), put an egg on it and close the "children's room" with a wall made of clay and saliva. Directly in front of it comes the next brood chamber etc., until the tube is filled - then it is “walled up” at the front. If the holes in your insect hotel are sealed with clay, you know that there are young bees behind them. Males grow up in the front brood chambers. They hatch next spring and then start directly on the wedding flight to receive the later hatching females.

Insights into the insect hotel

It is fascinating to watch the newly hatched animals. Of course, the nests themselves cannot be spied on in the insect hotel - unless you install a nesting tube to open them: cut a bamboo tube lengthways above the middle, place both parts on top of each other, fix them with rubber bands and place them in a hollow brick. Please do not touch the tube while the bee mother is working on it! Only then can you carefully take it out, take a quick look - and then put it back in a well-sealed place.

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