Table of contents:
- Selection of the gooseberry variety
- Location and cultivation of the gooseberry
- The most important thing about care
- Diseases and pests
- Harvest in summer
- Gooseberry healthy properties
Video: Grow and care for gooseberries
The cultivation and care of gooseberries is twice worth it! As part of the diet, they are very healthy and provide many vitamins. The gooseberries are also suitable as a fence replacement due to their dense growth.
Gooseberries have been grown as soft fruit since around the 16th century, are about the size of a cherry and have a slightly acidic but very refreshing taste. Because of the many vitamins and minerals it contains, the berry is considered very healthy. The fruits can either be eaten raw or processed into desserts, cakes and jams. Would you like to try the juicy berry yourself? We have tips on how to grow and care for the plant yourself.
Selection of the gooseberry variety
Before growing the plant, you need to consider whether you would rather plant the gooseberry as a bush or a standard tree. Both types are also suitable for keeping in containers on patios or balconies. What you have to consider, however: A gooseberry as a tall plant must always be supported with piles in order to bear the weight of its own fruit. In addition, high-stem gooseberries bear significantly less fruit compared to the high-yielding bushes.
The gooseberry is available as a tall plant or as a shrub. As a high plant, the gooseberry must always be supported with piles. Gooseberries as a shrub bear significantly more fruit than tall plants.
Photo: MSG / Sabine Dubb MSG / Sabine Dubb
Location and cultivation of the gooseberry
Gooseberries, which come in green, red and yellow fruit varieties, do not make high demands. A bright location is suitable for growing gooseberries, but it should not be in the blazing sun, as the fruits burn quickly. The soil must be rich in nutrients and contain a lot of humus. The flowering period is from April to May, but you should note that the flowers are sensitive to late frost.
Gooseberries are grown in autumn or early spring. Purchased shrubs should have four to five strong shoots. They come so deep into the ground that the branches at the base of the shrub are covered with earth about five centimeters. The planting distance is about 1.5 to 2 meters.
Gooseberries grafted on stems need a support post when planting, which they need throughout their life. The pile should reach into the base of the crown and the trunk should be tied to it both in the lower area and directly below the crown.
The location of the gooseberry should be as bright as possible, but not directly in the sun. The plants come so deep into the ground that the branches at the base of the shrub are covered with soil about five centimeters.
Photo: MSG / Frank Schuberth
The most important thing about care
When caring for gooseberries, you should note that the berries compete with grasses for water and nutrients. A free or mulch-covered floor is the best way to care for them. In the spring, adding some compost to the top layer of soil is advisable. In addition, organic-based fertilizers or special berry fertilizers are available. When it is dry, the plants should be watered sufficiently. To get a good yield, cut back the shrubs annually immediately after harvesting, removing two to three of the oldest shoots.
Diseases and pests
Leafy disease can occur in wet summers. This creates tiny, dark spots on the foliage. Later the leaves curl up and fall off the shrub prematurely. In this case, sick leaves and fallen leaves should be removed quickly to prevent the disease from spreading.
Other fungal diseases such as powdery mildew can also occur more frequently. It is advisable to buy resistant varieties such as "Remarka" or "Invicta". If your shrub is infested with gooseberry powdery mildew - recognizable by a floury coating on shoot tips and fruits - remove the infected fruit generously and cut out the shoot tips. Standard trunks are less often attacked by fungi.
Harvest in summer
Gooseberries ripen around June to July or early August. You can recognize the ripe fruit by the taste as well as by the color of the fruit. If you plant two varieties with a somewhat delayed flowering time, you not only help fertilization even better, but also have a longer harvesting period.
Tip: The gooseberry is the only type of berry that can also be harvested when it is not ripe because it ripens without problems.
Gooseberry healthy properties
Gooseberries contain plenty of vitamins A and C, as well as potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus and are therefore extremely healthy and rich in vitamins. If you don't like them pure, you can also boil the fruits with jam or enjoy them with other types of fruit on a delicious summer cake.
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