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Shrubs for the garden
Shrubs for the garden

Video: Shrubs for the garden

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: 10 Evergreen Shrubs and Bushes for Your Garden 🪴 2023, January
Anonim

Shrubs must not be missing in any garden, be it as a hedge that shields from the street or to the curious neighbor, or as a standalone eye-catcher.

But be careful: if you want a quick privacy screen, you should not be tempted to plant too densely, as this may inhibit growth. Instead, fill the gaps with fast-growing annual flowers or tendrils.

Before planting, however, you should carefully find out which shrub meets the individual requirements in order to avoid bad purchases. We have put together a selection of the most diverse shrubs for every requirement so that you can find the right plant for your purposes.

A colorful bouquet

A wide range of shrubs lends itself to design the garden. However, many shrubs rely on sufficient light and good soil to bloom. You should therefore inform yourself when buying about the needs of the species or trust in the undemanding - but by no means unattractive - plants. These include: Scheinspiere (Holodiscus discolor), blister shrub (Colutea arborescens), Deutzien (Deutzia species), five-finger shrub (Potentilla fruticosa in varieties), Kolkwitzie (Kolkwitzia amabilis) and Weigelie (Weigelia).

The valuable property of the fragrance should not be forgotten. Intense hedge perfumers are mainly lilac, pipe shrub and snowball. If you like it more unusual, plant a spice shrub (Calycanthus floridus). The leaves smell of cloves, the flowers, however, slightly of strawberries.

Well planned, the garden is fun year round. In winter, evergreen plants like the boxwood play the main role. Some plants even boast beautiful color contrasts, for example dogwood with a strikingly colored bark or holly with red berries.

Deutzie
Deutzie

Shrubs like Deutzie bloom from May.

Photo: alamystockphoto / Photos Horticultural / Avalon

Early starters and summer bloomers

Many ornamental shrubs develop their flower coat from March to May. In summer, the selection of flowering shrubs becomes somewhat sparse, but the flowers shine even more intensely. Early risers, who, depending on the weather, can already be decorated in February, include the light pink to white winter scented snowball (Viburnum farreri), the sulfur-yellow false hazel (Corylopsis pauciflora) and the light yellow mahonia (Mahonia bealei).

March is the time of classics such as flowering quinces (Choenomeles hybrids), gold bells (Forsythia species) and cherry trees (Prunus subhirtella), followed by rock pear (Amelanchier species), blood currant (Ribes sanguineum) and the early Spiraea thunergii.

By the end of May, Kolkwitzia, i.e. mother-of-pearl shrubs (Kolkwitzia amabilis), many Spier shrubs (Spiraea species), Deutzien (Deutzia species), Ranunkelstrauch (Kerria japonica) and laburnum species (Laburnum species) follow. The lilac begins to bloom in May. He occupies a special position and works best on his own.

Scheinhasel
Scheinhasel

The false hazel is one of the shrubs that bloom in February.

Photo: alamystockphoto / Manfred Backpacksio

Summer lights

Weigeli decorate in shades of red, beautiful in combination: pipe bushes in white. In half-shaded areas, the time of hydrangeas begins with summer. Her bright blue and pink to violet balls fade later and get a romantic green shimmer. The rhododendron offers a wide variety of colors. This large-flowered bog bed plant loves the light shade like the hydrangea. Under large old trees, it gives the garden a nostalgic flair.

A parade number for midsummer are the unequal summer lilac species (Buddleja davidii, B. alternifolia). The latter bears its branches, densely covered with purple flowers, like dragons. The different varieties of Buddleja davidii, on the other hand, compete with large, strongly colored panicles.

The yellow broom (Cytisus scoparius) is particularly impressive. If you like it gentler, you can use the repertoire of cytisus hybrids that bloom in pastel shades of pink, salmon and cream.

Rhododendron
Rhododendron

Rhododendrons come in a wide variety of colors.

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Always nice green

Evergreen hedges can be conifers, yew, tree of life, cypress, juniper or spruce. For milder climates, the yellow tree cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) proves to be the ideal hedge plant that grows slim and dense by itself. An evergreen hedge is completely opaque all year round and looks almost monumental. It has a favorable effect in very wind-exposed locations; even more sensitive plants can thrive in their protection.

Plant and propagate shrubs properly

In autumn and spring, hedge plants and shrubs are offered in bundles without leaves and bare-rooted. Their planting time extends from October to leaf shoots (except on frost days). The plants should not have been cleared until October. Then the wood is mature and robust against frost and drought. It is similar with larger (from 150 centimeters in height) or evergreen hardwoods and conifers with bales. Plants in pots or containers (from two liters of pot content) can also be planted after they have sprouted until frost. This gives people in a hurry the opportunity to plant flowers and wild shrubs out of the container in summer and thus quickly have it green.

Holunder
Holunder

If you want to multiply shrubs like the elder over cuttings, cut them on frost-free days between November and March.

Photo: fotolia / photobars

Propagation of shrubs by cuttings

Own propagation is something for the patient. It takes seven years from the cutting to the hedge cypress with a height of 40 to 60 centimeters. The privet is faster. With five to eight shoots, it only takes three years. It is similar with many blossoms and wild shrubs made of plywood, which then reach a height of 60 to 100 centimeters.

Stickwood is cut from privet, fragrant jasmine, forsythia, elder and willow on frost-free days from November to March. The shoots grown last summer are cut into pieces of 15 centimeters in length (privet, forsythia), the soft shoot tip and the thickened shoot end are unusable.

Cut the cuttings of yew, tree of life and false cypress in September / October, and of evergreen hardwoods in August / September. The cuttings are about five to six centimeters long (two-year shoot) or consist of one to five leaves (one-year shoot). Store the sticks airtight, cool and dark in bags. It is stuck in rows (distance 15 x three centimeters).

After a few weeks the cuttings are rooted and can be hardened. Frost protection is required. From the next year, fertilization, pruning and repotting or planting will continue until the plant has reached the desired size. Weed and fertilize in March and June, cut back to a few eyes in autumn. After pruning the next fall, transplant the shrubs as a hedge.

Hecken und Sträucher eignen sich perfekt als Sichtschutz
Hecken und Sträucher eignen sich perfekt als Sichtschutz

The hedge by the meter (here: Ligustrum vulgare) not only protects against prying eyes, but also against wind and adverse weather.

Photo: HALM / Green press portal

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