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Create a garden: it depends on the ground
Create a garden: it depends on the ground

Video: Create a garden: it depends on the ground

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: ШЕРЛОК ХОЛМС И ДОКТОР ВАТСОН (советский сериал все серии подряд) 2023, February
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Would you like to create a new garden or redesign your garden? Take enough time to find out which plants bloom and thrive in your garden. Because depending on the regional location, climatic conditions, garden soil and also light and weather conditions differ. Find out here how to carry out a nutrient test and which methods you use to promote plant growth.

The new house has been moved into, the sun is finally shining, and now you would like to "put the long-awaited garden" into operation. But what you see outside is anything but the paradise you dreamed of during the construction phase. The house is surrounded by gray-brown chunks, dug up by the excavator, and by deep channels. This sight calls for a quick remedy, but be careful - those who rush the matter now make mistakes that are difficult to make up for later.

Important requirement: A good garden floor

Good garden soil plays an important role in a well-thriving garden. Because soil is not the same. All around a new building, there is very rarely a fortunate topsoil made of humus, but mostly rather worthless excavation from construction sites. However, all plants need optimal garden soil for vigorous growth.

Take the test to find out what soil you have in your garden. To do this, take a small amount of damp soil from different parts of the garden. This is how you can assess a cross-section. Shape the garden soil into a ball in your hand and then try to roll the soil out like cake batter. Depending on how well or badly this process works, it is a sandy, loamy / sandy or loamy soil.

Komposthaufen sieben
Komposthaufen sieben

Nutrient-rich compost or humus is the ideal garden soil. Sieve the compost and work it into the garden soil.

Photo: Fotolia / LianeM

Beach conditions with the sandy bottom

Does the material trickle through your fingers and immediately release water? Then it is sandy soil, which is easy to work on and warms up well, but dries quickly, offers little nutrients and little hold.

Clay soil can often be found

If you have mainly lumps that are difficult to get small and shine at interfaces, then you can adjust to clay soil. It provides your garden plants with a lot of nutrients and stores the water well, but makes a lot of effort during processing and tends to compact (risk of waterlogging). The increase in these properties indicates the extremely fat and dense clay soil, in which it is difficult to root and the diverse nutrients of which the plants hardly benefit due to the high compaction.

Good garden soil consists of clay and sand

Crumbly garden soil made of clay and sand can store enough water, contains many nutrients and is easy to work with. The floor is well ventilated due to the air circulation and warms up quickly. You can work with this garden floor!

The big lot: humus

Is the soil loose, but not sandy, relatively dark, juicy, but not malleable and smells "appetizingly earthy"? Then you have drawn the big lot and can immediately start planting your humus soil. However, the normal case will be a mixed soil with a more or less strong tendency to loam or sand.

Do the nutrient test

Now it gets even more thorough: With a nutrient analysis, you can find out the pH of your garden soil. The analysis tells you how acidic or basic the environment in your garden is at the moment. You can do such tests yourself with a pH soil test - preferably in spring when the plants are not yet sprouting.

Such soil testers are available in the hardware store. The pH value ranges from zero (extremely acidic) to 14 (extremely alkaline). A value close to seven is ideal. In the case of soils that are too alkaline (pH around eight), you counteract with peat, against too much acid (pH around six) lime helps.

How to optimize a clay or sandy soil

If puddles remain in the garden, this is a sign that the soil is very compact, as is the case with clay soil. With this garden soil, it is difficult for air to get into the soil and plant roots. In the spring, the garden soil also warms up late, so that the plants also start to grow later.

Tip: It is best to dig the soil in autumn, loosen it thoroughly and work in compost or sand. This work is not quite as strenuous with the digging fork as with the spade.

Gartenboden auflockern
Gartenboden auflockern

Loosen the garden soil with a spade or a digging fork and then work in compost or sand.

Photo: Alamy Stock Photo / Juice Images

In the case of particularly sandy garden soils, the water flows off well, but is also not stored for long. To prevent drought in summer and increase water storage capacity, it is advisable to add compost or some clay to the sandy soil. The soil enriched with it can then store more water and is of course also more nutritious.

Improve garden soil naturally with green manure

Sonnenblumen als Gründünger
Sonnenblumen als Gründünger

Sunflowers are suitable as green manure and improve the garden soil in a natural way.

Photo: Fotolia / wyssu

With green manure you can improve the garden soil in a natural way. Suitable plants such as rapeseed, sunflower, clover, yellow mustard or lupine must be sown for this. After the plants have fully grown, they are worked into the garden soil. This not only promotes the formation of humus, but also prevents the growth of unwanted weeds and contributes to the promotion of water storage capacity.

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