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Lease allotment gardens: Your way to the allotment garden
Lease allotment gardens: Your way to the allotment garden

Video: Lease allotment gardens: Your way to the allotment garden

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Video: May Allotment Garden Tour 2021 / Homegrown Garden 2023, January
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Would you like some greenery in the city? An allotment garden is just the thing! Gardening is back in fashion, especially among young families. You can find out what interested parties need to know about the hobby with association membership here.

From a philistine idyll to modern leisure fun - the allotment garden has changed its image. In recent years, a change of generations has taken place in Germany's allotment gardens, more and more young families with children are leasing a parcel because they enjoy the advantages of city life and the feeling of being urban, dynamic, modern without foregoing balancing greenery.

The allotment garden was created in the middle of the 19th century. In 1808, the orthopedist and university teacher Dr. Daniel Gottlob Moritz Schreber in Leipzig came up with the idea of ​​setting up green spaces in the big cities where children can play and play sports. His ideas only found followers after his death: Leipzig citizens founded an association in 1864 to promote child rearing in the countryside and called it Schreber in honor of the “Schreber Association”. Today there are over one million allotment gardens in Germany, four million hobby gardeners are organized in more than 15, 000 allotment garden associations. They plant almost 47, 000 hectares of green - and at an affordable price even for small incomes. They take on a social mandate: The associations are committed to urban development and sustainability and maintain the cultural heritage garden.

Today you can find all strata of the population among hobby gardeners. Young middle-class families plant and work alongside older couples or immigrant families, gardeners with body and soul work alongside beginners. Being together in the garden requires and encourages community spirit and tolerance. The association also offers joint activities that go beyond gardening: parties, barbecues or trips to the region. However, the supply of free parcels cannot meet demand. "The waiting times are up to three years, " says Thomas Wagner, spokesman for the Federal Association of German Garden Friends.

This is how you become a tenant of an allotment garden

The allotment gardens are mostly run by associations. As a tenant, you must therefore be a member of this association and finally, as a tenant, sign the garden regulations.

What are the costs for an allotment garden?

The allotment gardeners pay a fixed rent each year for their patch of green: an average of one euro per square meter. In addition there is the transfer for arbor, trees and shrubs. This is (in cities) an average of 3, 300 euros. Public fees can increase costs such as waste, street cleaning, property tax and insurance, electricity and water.

Insurance of the allotment garden

As an allotment gardener, you should take out liability insurance that also includes home and landowner liability. Property insurance for the arbor is advisable as well as household insurance. Do you already have building insurance? Ask your insurance advisor whether the “allotment garden” risk is already included in the scope of insurance or can be included in the contracts. Your club may have concluded framework insurance contracts that you can enter cheaply.

Rights and obligations of gardening

The association's statutes set out rights and obligations. The lease is unlimited, but can be terminated by the tenant. The garden regulations may also state that at least one third of the garden area is used for growing fruit and vegetables. Quiet times are also strictly regulated: at noon between 1 p.m. and 3 p.m., at night from 10 p.m. It is not welcome to see those who let their plaice run wild. No later than the annual garden inspection, trouble threatens. Therefore, the interested party must be aware that the garden ideally needs two to three hours of maintenance twice a week during the season. The overall picture of the system is just as important. Each member pays his contribution for this.

Obsternte aus dem Schrebergarten
Obsternte aus dem Schrebergarten

The garden regulations of the allotment garden association can state that at least a third of the garden area is used for growing fruit and vegetables.

Photo: Fotolia / calebmaclot

Statutory regulations for allotments

If you want to manage an allotment garden, you sign a lease. Special regulations can be found in the Federal Allotment Garden Act,”explains Dip.-Ing. Thomas Wagner from the Bundesverband Deutscher Gartenfreunde eV:

Behavior of the gardener

Living in the arbor is prohibited: “The allotment garden serves the gardener for a non-commercial horticultural use. The focus is on the production of horticultural products for personal use and recreation. The plot of land is located in a complex in which several individual gardens are combined. Cities and municipalities, the church or even private individuals in permanent lease are awarded by the garden land. Such allotment gardens are “social green”, they are primarily intended to provide garden tenants with tenants who do not have their own house with a garden.”However, overnight stays are permitted during the summer holidays and on weekends.

Structural changes are usually only possible with the approval of the board of directors, and a grill may not be permanently installed without approval. When the lease ends, a garden owner can demand that his successor be paid for his expenses - unless these are unnecessarily expensive. Because the social character of the allotment garden should also be preserved in terms of costs. Tenants who violate the requirements or have built without permission can be obliged to dismantle them.

In addition, the Federal Allotment Garden Act contains provisions on lease fees, termination rights and nature conservation. The fees for leasing an allotment garden vary depending on the system and the federal state - the costs are normally not more than one euro per day.

Gartenarbeit im Schrebergarten
Gartenarbeit im Schrebergarten

The interested party must be aware that the garden ideally needs two to three hours of maintenance twice a week during the season.

Photo: Living4media / westend61

Terminations of the lease contract by the association

Peter Paschke, President of the Bundesverband Deutscher Gartenfreunde eV, explains: “The Federal Garden Garden Act protects tenants against arbitrary dismissals. Only if they afford major misconduct do tenants lose out. This is the case, for example, if you are in default with the lease payment for at least a quarter of a year. There have also been tenants who have disturbed the peace in the community so sustainably that the lessor could not be expected to continue the contractual relationship. Then termination without notice was also effective.

Change in the system

Sometimes allotments have to make room for something new. The tenant can request compensation in the event of a written notice of termination. It is then allowed

  • if planning law provides for a different use for the previous allotment garden country,
  • if a development plan provides for other uses,
  • if after completion of the planning approval or according to the Land Procurement Act, the garden area is used for another purpose. "

Summary of rights, obligations and prohibitions for allotment gardeners

  • At least a third of the garden area must be used to grow fruit and vegetables.
  • Water and electricity are allowed, but neither gas nor sewerage.
  • Overnight stays are possible on weekends. But no permanent use of the arbor for living.
  • Usual rest periods at noon and at night must be observed.
  • Satellite dishes and telephone connections are prohibited.
  • Dogs and cats can be brought. But keeping and breeding rabbits, budgerigars, pigeons and chickens is not allowed.
  • Permanent facilities require approval.
  • A minimum number of non-profit hours must be performed each year.
  • Barbecuing is allowed. But bonfires are prohibited.
  • There is no right to rent.
Frau im Schrebergarten
Frau im Schrebergarten

Just grilling and chilling is not, allotment gardeners commit to growing fruits and vegetables. Otherwise you have to take good care of the plot. Photo: Glow Images

Can you rent an allotment garden?

Clear answer: no! Allotments can only be leased and not rented. There is a crucial difference here:

As a tenant, you only have the right to use the rental property. In the case of a lease, on the other hand, the leaseholder also has the right to harvest the fruit (in accordance with §581 BGB). This means that the general income such as fruit and vegetables can be withdrawn from the lease.

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