Table of contents:
- Stand up - the correct posture on the computer
- Seating plan
- Moving break
- What parents should know
- Continuous flicker in the children's room
- Paint the male
- Good grades
- Slim, sporty, healthy
- Sad conclusion
- Commercial break
- TV usage rules
- PC usage rules
- Software usage rules
Video: How children learn to use computers and TV
Nowadays, children often sit on the screen for several hours a day. Children can be taught how to use the PC and television correctly. This also includes a healthy and orderly attitude.
Stand up - the correct posture on the computer
Your child is sitting or standing at the desk: the forearms form an angle of at least 90 degrees to the loosely hanging upper arms. Take measurements at the elbows and fix the table top at this height. Now the computer is brought into an optimal position: The eyes keep a distance of 50 centimeters from the screen. Its upper edge is at neck height - the viewing angle to the monitor is about 30 degrees to an imaginary horizontal line. Those who sit on the PC like this remain free of muscle tension in the shoulders and neck for a long time.
Your child is sitting ergonomically correctly when the lower legs are vertical, the thighs are horizontal and the undersides of the seat pad touch the edge of the seat cushion only slightly or not. The seat inclines forward by about two degrees. A directly fitting backrest supports the lumbar area and relieves the spine. Students need height-adjustable desk furniture that adapts to new body proportions over the years.
In some schools there are "moving classrooms" where learning is combined with movement: In maths classes, for example, elementary school students do not sit still to memorize series of numbers, but jump from three to six to nine. The principle is called “training instead of seating”. It would be laughed if students couldn't loosen up a bit during their homework: dribble, throw, rebound, try again - and it's 3-0. If you don't like basketball, do a handstand, go for a walk with the dog or roll around the block. The main thing is that you don't sit in front of the monitor all afternoon, because that paralyzes your muscles, your concentration and your drive.
After doing their homework, the computer often stays on: for chatting, paddling or watching TV - the trend is to stare at the PC.
Photo: alamystockphoto / Bill Cheyrou
What parents should know
After doing their homework, the computer often stays on: for chatting, paddling or watching TV - the trend is to stare at the PC. What are children and young people allowed to watch and play without being harmed? Because even if you only choose educationally high-quality programs: Sitting permanently in front of the screen makes you sick.
Continuous flicker in the children's room
On average, schoolchildren spend more time in front of screens than at school - converted to the whole week. The muscles relax, the gaze becomes rigid: What are the consequences of excessive screen consumption for children and adolescents? Several studies provide information for television, the results are clear. The former family minister von der Leyen recently brought her to a provocative point: "Television makes you fat, stupid, sad and violent."
Paint the male
Pediatrician Peter Winterstein tested the effects of television consumption on five- and six-year-olds: he gave pen and paper to more than 1, 900 children and let them paint a person. The more complete and correct the proportions of the person, the more points a drawing received. The result: children who watched television for at least three hours a day achieved an average of 6.4 points. Children who do not watch at all for up to 59 minutes a day have a more complete picture of people: they did best with 10.4 points.
The earlier and the higher the television consumption, the worse the learning success and graduation. This is made clear by a study by the Lower Saxony Criminological Research Institute. In the subjects studied, sports, history, mathematics and German, those students who do not watch TV are clearly in front: don't zap, but hop ready for a good end!
The earlier and the higher the television consumption, the worse the learning success and graduation.
Photo: alamystockphoto / Utiwamoj
Slim, sporty, healthy
The TV and PC muffle are slim, sporty and healthy. New Zealander Robert Hancox interviewed families whose children were born in 1972-73 every two to three years - most recently when the approximately 1, 000 participants were 26 years old = ". He found that the longer the children between the ages of five and 15 had been in front of the television, the greater their body mass index (BMI). 17 percent of adult overweight was due to television viewing. The longer they sat in front of the television as children, the lower their physical fitness on the bike ergometer, the more likely it was that adult serum cholesterol levels were higher and the more likely they were to smoke.
Children who already spend their childhood in front of the screen cannot develop their motor skills sufficiently, which also has a negative impact on language development and thinking skills. The senses wither. Every hour of daily TV viewing increases the risk of concentration problems. Further damage is programmed: physical, mental, social.
40 percent of six- to 13-year-olds have a television in the children's room. You watch TV far more than children who use the family television in the living room. Most people shouldn't put a device in their room. TV addicts feel good when they have their kingdom back to play, learn, read and sleep.
Children are an important advertising target group, since in Germany the three to 13 year olds have a total of more than 1.4 billion euros in pocket money. Children's programs financed by advertising are designed in such a way that they seduce young viewers into the longest possible TV and advertising consumption. If you can't decide to switch off: the children's channel from ARD and ZDF (KI.KA) offers advertising-free programs.
Children have a pocket money income of billions and are an important target group for advertising.
Photo: iStock / alexandr_1958
TV usage rules
- The TV is not a babysitter. Pre-school children should not watch TV at all, primary school children for a maximum of half an hour with their parents.
- Agree with older children when, how long and what they can see - and check whether they abide by the rules. For ten and eleven-year-olds, one hour of television a day is enough.
- Children only learn to differentiate clearly between program and advertising at primary school age. Help your child use television critically. Talk to him about violence.
- Children imitate parents: do not let the television run on the side. Instead of zapping randomly, consciously choose a program and switch off the device after the broadcast.
- Who has their daily routine dictated by the television program? If someone does not want to do without a program, it can be recorded.
- Do not use television as a means of reward and punishment: this only increases interest in the medium.
- Switch often: A beautiful room offers children an educationally valuable program - invite friends and play.
PC usage rules
- The computer is also not suitable as a babysitter or as a means of reward or punishment.
- Make it clear to your child that they should not give out personal information such as name and address on the Internet and that they should not reveal their personal password to anyone.
- Ask your child to tell them about new network friendships. If it wants to meet someone in person who has got to know it online, it has to ask for permission and only make an appointment if you can be there.
- Talk to your child about the dark side of the internet.
- Encourage your child to leave chat rooms if someone is causing discomfort or fear.
- Explain to your child that the little word "OK" on the Internet can cause great trouble and costs.
- Stay close and talk to the child when they're on the web.
Play from time to time with your child and let them explain his favorite games: your child will be proud to be able to teach you something.
Software usage rules
- With video games, pay attention to the age marking according to the youth protection law. Beware of so-called first-person shooters: younger children cannot yet clearly differentiate between reality and fiction, even young people are overwhelmed with these “games”.
- Which software is suitable? The brochure "Game and learning software assessed pedagogically" provides information. It can be ordered free of charge from the Federal Government's mailing list.
- Play with your child from time to time, let them explain their favorite PC games: your child will be proud to be able to teach you something - and you can talk to them about the quality of the games.
- With whom, where and how often does your child use computer games? Exchange views and experiences about computer and video games with other parents.
- Does your child only do gymnastics with the fingers on the keyboard, or does it also go to sports? Provide mental and physical balance so that your child does not lose mental balance.