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Palm trees as houseplants: the most beautiful species
Palm trees as houseplants: the most beautiful species

Video: Palm trees as houseplants: the most beautiful species

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Video: Types of Palms 2023, February
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Palm trees are very popular plants for the room because they have a particularly sunny appearance. Hardly any other plant family awakens summer feelings like the palm tree. However, the plants also have their requirements and need to be taken care of accordingly. We will tell you which types of palm trees are particularly suitable as houseplants and how you can best care for them.

Table of contents Table of contents Palms as houseplants: tips for care and recommended species

  • General care instructions for palm trees
  • Mountain palm tree
  • Date palm
  • Gold fruit palm
  • Kentia palm tree
  • Coconut tree
  • Priestly palm
  • Holly
  • Hemp palm
  • Book tips

Table of contents Table of contents Palms as houseplants: tips for care and recommended species

  • General care instructions for palm trees
  • Mountain palm tree
  • Date palm
  • Gold fruit palm
  • Kentia palm tree
  • Coconut tree
  • Priestly palm
  • Holly
  • Hemp palm
  • Book tips

Palm trees are native to nature in a wide variety of locations. You can buy the noble exotic in almost every flower shop. There is a large selection of different types. Whether you choose a date palm or a coconut palm is entirely up to you. They all look beautiful in the room. Wherever they stand, they determine the living ambience and, with their aesthetics and charisma, give each room a very special atmosphere. However, they should be well maintained and get a suitable location.

General care instructions for palm trees

Watering regularly is essential for the tropical palm trees to feel comfortable in the room. Basically, all types of palm form a very dense and extensive root system. For this reason, the houseplants should not be planted in flat, but in large and spacious pots. Tall and top-heavy specimens often need to be supported before their roots are firmly anchored in the ground. The best time to repot is with palm trees in spring. The best way to meet the nutrient requirements is to give your plants liquid green plant or palm fertilizer every one to two weeks. It is simply administered together with the irrigation water. Dry leaf tips are an indication of insufficient water supply and low humidity. Since palm trees are usually kept all year round as houseplants, you should make sure to keep them cooler in winter and water less. This allows the palm trees to maintain their natural resting phase and shut down their metabolism.

Mountain palm tree

Die Bergpalme
Die Bergpalme

The mountain palm is the ideal houseplant because it requires little maintenance.

Photo: www.palmeperpaket.de

Although it comes from the jungle, the mountain palm (Chamaedorea) is an ideal houseplant. She loves a place that is not too sunny, after all she grows in the jungle, so to speak, in the "basement". In the trade, it is usually planted into several plants in one pot. However, their feathered fronds as solitaire come into their own much better over time if there is enough space. Her roots don't like wet so much, but the leaves can take a shower. Occasional dusting keeps the pores open and regular fertilizers are even rewarded with flowers. Saplings can be removed from the base of the palm tree for propagation.

Date palm

Die Dattelpalme benötigt viel Platz, um sich wohl zu fühlen
Die Dattelpalme benötigt viel Platz, um sich wohl zu fühlen

The date palm needs a lot of space to feel comfortable.

Photo: Flower Office Holland

The date palm (Phoenix Canariensis) is considered to be the real palm tree. Its high level of distribution has certainly contributed to its popularity, since it can be found from South America to India, from the Canaries to Taiwan. If you look closely, you can even use the date palm as a moisture meter. Because the drier the air in the room, the steeper the feathered fronds stand out. This will catch every available water droplet and quickly take it to the roots. If the air is humid, the fronds tilt outwards in a nice curve. Since this should be the normal state, the date palm needs a lot of space to feel comfortable and to be able to come into its own accordingly. Otherwise it is quite easy to hold. It is important that the bale does not dry out and that the fronds get enough (preferably a lot) of sun. In summer, this palm loves an outdoor area that can also be exposed to wind and weather after a hardening phase.

Gold fruit palm

Die Goldfruchtpalme
Die Goldfruchtpalme

The gold fruit palm likes dry roots and damp leaves.

Photo: Flower Office Holland

Another very popular palm tree that you can easily buy in the supermarket is the gold fruit palm tree (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens, also called Dypsis). Most often this palm is offered in a pot with several shoots. She likes to "summer" outdoors, but should not necessarily be exposed to temperatures below 15 degrees Celsius. She likes dry roots, but also slightly damp leaves, and likes to be bright, but not in full sun. When exposed to direct sunlight, the dypsis gets golden yellow leaves, which has given it the name gold leaf palm. Yellowish-gold dots or bubbles can often also be seen on the trunks.

Kentia palm tree

Kentia-Palme
Kentia-Palme

The Kentia palm likes it shady and dry.

Photo: Flower Office Holland

The Kentia palm (Howea forsteriana) is the ideal houseplant for difficult locations: it loves shady and dry. It grows slowly and is difficult to multiply, which makes it comparatively expensive to buy. In the house, however, it proves to be easy to care for and the feathery, overhanging fronds are also an enrichment in terms of appearance. Be sure to avoid waterlogging. The first sign of this is a browning trunk.

Our tip: Check the condition of the trunk when you buy it.

Coconut tree

Die Kokospalme
Die Kokospalme

The coconut palm tree needs to be watered regularly - preferably several times a day.

Photo: Flower Office Holland

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is a useful plant that is at home on all tropical beaches. This also results in her preferences - she likes it warm, bright and damp. With houseplants, care must therefore be taken that they are not only watered regularly, but also sprayed - preferably several times a day. If you can't do this, you can help yourself with a transparent film. Coconut palms should be repotted immediately after purchase so that the mostly radically cut roots can regenerate. It should also be noted that many of the commercially available plants, which are up to man-high, are still seedlings and react to full sun with violent sunburn. Once hardened, however, they like the sun very well.

Priestly palm

Die Priesterpalme
Die Priesterpalme

The priestly palm likes it warm and dry. Too much water damages the palm.

Photo: Flower Office Holland

America vacationers know the priestly palm (Washingtonia) from Arizona, Florida or California. The palm got its name because its lower leaves dry up naturally, hang from the trunk and thus form a rock optically. In gardens or plants, however, these leaves are removed regularly, so that a bare, scaled stem is created. This palm loves warm and dry. Therefore, keep in mind when caring that too much water can cause damage. The priest palm is also a very large container plant with strong leaf tips that can be very unpleasant to sting - so you should give it enough space in the room. Despite its tropical preferences, the priestly palm can withstand frosty times and can spend the winter in sheltered places.

Holly

Steckenpalme
Steckenpalme

The stick palm is particularly easy to care for.

Photo: Pflanzenfreude.de/ Blumenbüro Holland

A really sturdy palm tree that doesn't take up too much space and likes to have a place in the shade is the stick palm (Rhapis). This bushy fan palm does not require intensive care. Since it grows very slowly, it prefers narrow pots. Due to its bamboo-like appearance, it fits perfectly in Japanese gardens or bonsai. If you want to multiply them, you can plant side branches.

Hemp palm

Die Hanfpalme
Die Hanfpalme

The hemp palm prefers to stand on the terrace than in the warm room.

Photo: Flora Mediterranea

The hemp palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a real classic. The powerful umbrella palm has become a popular container plant for patios and front gardens. It grows very slowly and should therefore only be repotted rarely. It prefers a sunny to partially shaded place, which must be protected from the wind, since the leaves catch the wind and bend slightly. Older and healthy plants can even tolerate light to medium, dry frosts. The hemp palm is only of limited use as a houseplant. Since it can be found in the Himalayas at a height of well over 2, 000 meters, it is difficult to cope with warm rooms and the susceptibility to plant pests increases. But if it is cool and bright, with regular supply of lime-free water and fertilizer, it grows up well.

Book tips for palm care

In her book “Palms and Trees”, Elisabeth Manke shows how you can bring Mediterranean flair or a hint of the South Seas into your home with these plants. Due to their great variety of species from the most diverse regions and habitats on earth, you have a huge selection. The right plant can be found for every location in the home. The author presents thirty different palms in extensive portraits: from the ruler palm with its wonderful leaflets to the fishtail palm with its unusual leaf shape to the robust date palm and the fast-growing priest palm. In addition, 25 indoor trees, from the decorative flowering maple to the coffee tree with its shiny, rich green leaves, the filigree sil areas or the bougainvillea, which sets a flaming color accent in the room. For all species, important information on origin and shape, nursing practice as well as information on air humidity and the optimal location is given. It also describes how to multiply and repot these plants. With the book "Palms and House Trees" by Elisabeth Manke you will find the right place for the green divas in your apartment and care for them optimally - they will thank you with their beauty.

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Help on species and location selection, detailed explanations on planting, care and wintering as well as an introduction to the Central European climate and suggestions for planting a palm garden with other hardy exotic species make the book "Hardy Palms" by Mario Stähler an indispensable guide for every palm fan. This book is for everyone who wants to plant one or more palm trees outdoors in Central Europe or who have already done so. It is aimed equally at beginners, hobby gardeners, ambitious palm enthusiasts as well as professional gardeners and landscapers. Here you will find everything you need to know to successfully plant, overwinter and care for palm trees outdoors. Numerous examples show the amazing successes that are also possible with palm trees in our latitudes. A brief introduction to the history and biology of the palm trees promotes deeper understanding. The detailed examination of the Central European climate and a specially developed climate map enable a reliable assessment of the cultural conditions at the planned location of the palm trees. Practical instructions and tips on the type and location selection, soil preparation, maintenance and winter protection leave no questions unanswered. 36 hardy to frost-hardy palm species are described in detail with a description of their appearance, cultural needs, indications of origin, distinguishing features and individual cultural claims. First aid provides competent and comprehensive advice on problems. Numerous interesting examples and 39 suitable accompanying plants are presented for the design of a palm garden. Bring the south into your garden too!

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