Table of contents:

Create the cottage garden
Create the cottage garden
Video: Create the cottage garden
Video: How to Create a Cottage Garden 2023, February
Anonim

Even the word "cottage garden" promises original, rural garden happiness and seductive abundance. Cottage gardens are the oldest form of garden culture, where the useful is combined with the beautiful in a playful harmony.

Table of contents Table of contents cottage garden: rural garden happiness

  • The cottage garden was used for self-sufficiency
  • Design and construction of a cottage garden
  • Make the right choice for planting
  • 1. Flowering perennials
  • Plant list flowering perennials
  • 2. Bulbs and bulbs
  • The right planting time
  • List of plants bulbs and bulbs
  • 3. Biennial summer flowers
  • Plant list biennial summer flowers
  • 4. Annual flowers
  • Plant list annual summer flowers
  • 5. Plant herbs in the cottage garden
  • Plant list of annual herbs
  • Book tip: My beautiful cottage garden

Table of contents Table of contents cottage garden: rural garden happiness

  • The cottage garden was used for self-sufficiency
  • Design and construction of a cottage garden
  • Make the right choice for planting
  • 1. Flowering perennials
  • Plant list flowering perennials
  • 2. Bulbs and bulbs
  • The right planting time
  • List of plants bulbs and bulbs
  • 3. Biennial summer flowers
  • Plant list biennial summer flowers
  • 4. Annual flowers
  • Plant list annual summer flowers
  • 5. Plant herbs in the cottage garden
  • Plant list of annual herbs
  • Book tip: My beautiful cottage garden

Farm gardens are self-sufficient gardens with healthy vegetables, sweet berries, colorful flowers and sun-warm herbs. This coexistence makes the cottage garden a cornucopia of exuberant plant life. The magnificent, but mostly undemanding cottage garden flowers are not always long-established. Many new immigrants have been added in the past 100 years. In contrast to cultivated plants, they have different care requirements. Neither fertilizer nor pesticides are necessary for their lush growth.

The cottage garden was used for self-sufficiency

The tradition of the cottage garden can be traced back to earlier school or monastery gardens. These primarily served the purpose of self-sufficiency. In a very limited space, as many food and medicinal plants as possible were grown next to individual ornamental flowers. The planting had to be well thought out, however, as the garden was supposed to generate yields all year round. Since this garden type was taken up in Hamburg in 1913 in the form of a specially designed show garden, it has been used as a template for all modern cottage gardens.

Instead of self-sufficiency, the pleasure of snacking and the decorative ambience are more important in the garden today.

Design and construction of a cottage garden

Depending on the size of the plot of land available, the garden can either be created completely or only as a part of it as a cottage garden. The layout of a Hamburg-style cottage garden is usually square or rectangular and is divided by a cross made of gravel, bark mulch or natural stone. In any case, the garden is laid out in geometric patterns with a roundel in the middle. This is often designed with a small shrub, tree or a round bed. A fountain or water basin is also suitable as a center. The outline of the garden is delimited by a fence or a hedge, and the individual beds also have a natural border.

Kieselweg im Bauerngarten anlegen
Kieselweg im Bauerngarten anlegen

In the construction garden, the paths are laid with gravel, bark mulch or natural stones.

/ Hannamariah

Make the right choice for planting

The selection of flowers for your cottage garden depends on the flowering time, the flower color and the height of growth. Autumn bloomers should be placed so that their leaves cover the dead planting places of the spring bloomers in summer. Colorful and large-flowered, double flowers should only occasionally find a place in the cottage garden.

From our plant lists, you can choose perennials, biennial plants, summer flowers, bulbs and tubers so that something always blooms from spring to late autumn.

1. Flowering perennials

Many ancestral flowers accompanied our ancestors from birth to death, in the event of illness and need, but also at church and family celebrations. For the hard-working farmers, they had to be easy to care for. The flowers that we recommend are very persistent, survive the winter well and will sprout again next spring.

Rittersporn Delphinium
Rittersporn Delphinium

Delphinium delphinium blooms from June to September and grows up to 70 centimeters high.

/ Ottochka

Plant list flowering perennials

Surname Flower color Height cm Heyday
Columbine (Aquilegia caerulea) pink, blue, red, white, yellow 60-80 May June
Burning love (Lychnis chalcedonica) bright red 10th May June
Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) White 25th December-March
Monkshood (Aconitum napellus) blue up to 150 June August
Feather carnation (Dianthus plumarius) pink, red, white 20-30 May June
Delphinium (Delphinium cultorum) blue, white pink 70 June-September
Herbstaster (Aster novi-belgii) blue, pink, red, white 80-150 September-October
Sky key (Primula vulgaris) yellow 20th April May
Bearded Iris (Iris x barbata-elatior) blue to violet, pink, yellow, white 70-100 May June
Carthusian carnation (Dianthus carthusianorum) purple 20th June-September
Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris) violet, pink, white 120 July-September
Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) red, yellow, blue, pink, white 60 June July
Stonecrop (Sedum spectabile) crimson pink 40 July-September
Goldenrod (Solidago hybrida) yellow 60-80 August-September
Hellebore (Helleborus foetidus) light green 50 January-May
Marguerite (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) White 50-60 May June
Evening primrose (Oenothera tetragona) yellow 40-60 June August
Oriental poppy (Papaver orientale) red, pink 80-100 June July
Phlox (Phlox paniculata) pink, purple, white, red, blue 60-120 June-September
Delphinium (Delphinium cultorum) blue, white pink 150-200 June-July, September-October
Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina) yellow 70 June-September
Perennial sunflower (Helianthus decapetalus) yellow 120 August-September
Day lily (Hemerocallis fulva) yellow-orange 60-120 June July
Bleeding heart (Dicentra spectabilis) red, pink, white 80 May June
Violet (Viola odorata) blue violet 15 March April

2. Bulbs and bulbs

The low onion plants like the snowdrop and the winter aconite open the garden season in spring. Gladiolus and dahlias with their splendidly large flowers attract everyone's attention in the cottage garden. From early summer, lilies develop their beguiling scent. They are among the oldest flowers that were cultivated in gardens. They are already depicted on the frescoes of the earliest cultures of the Mediterranean and the Near East. In the medieval herb gardens, together with the roses, they were considered a symbol of perfect beauty.

Schneeglöckchen
Schneeglöckchen

The low onion plants like the snowdrop and the winter aconite open the garden season in spring.

/ Skowronek

The right planting time

The lily and imperial crown bulbs should be planted in August. A beautiful day in September or October is the ideal time to plant the early flowering varieties such as daffodils and hyacinths. The frost-sensitive bulbs of the dahlias are brought out of the ground in November. The stem remnants are cut back to ten centimeters. For storage, they are layered in sand and stored cool. After the ice saints in May they can be put outside again. It has also proven useful to put the onions in pots in March and to move them indoors.

List of plants bulbs and bulbs

Surname Flower color Height cm Heyday
Ornamental dahlia (Dahlia variabilis) all colors except blue 100-130 August-November
Gladiolus (Gladiolus gandavensis) red, pink, yellow, purple, violet, white 80-120 July-September
Fire lily (Lilium bulbiferum) orange-yellow 80 May June
Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis) blue, pink, red 20-30 April
Imperial crown (Fritillaria imperialis) Red Yellow 80 April May
Madonna lily (Lilium candidum) pure white 100 June July
Montbretia (Montbretia crocosmiflora) yellow, orange, red 50-70 July-October
Poet's Daffodil (Narcissus poeticus) White 30-40 May
Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis) White 10-20 February March
Winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) yellow 5 February March
Grape hyacinth (Muscari racemosus) dark blue 20-30 March April
League of Turks (Lilium martagon) Spotted burgundy-brown 80 June July

3. Biennial summer flowers

Vergissmeinnicht
Vergissmeinnicht

Two-year summer flowers like the deep blue forget-me-not are sown in June.

/ bendzhik

Two-year-old summer flowers are simply sown between a herbaceous or vegetable patch. And then you have to wait until these blossom miracles appear, which only give summer its many colors and fragrances.

Summer flowers enable flexible gardening: they are sown exactly where there is still a bare spot. If you are lucky, they will seed themselves so that you can simply dig out the freshly sprouted plantlets and place them where you want them. Two-year-old summer flowers are sown in the garden in June.

Plant list biennial summer flowers

Surname Flower color Height cm Heyday
Marienbockenblume (Campanula medium) blue, pink, white 70 May June
Carnation (Dianthus barbatus) pink, red, white, purple 50-60 June July
Foxglove (Digitalis pupurea) white, pink, crimson purple 100-120 June July
Gold lacquer (Cheiranthus cheiri) yellow, orange, brown, brown-violet 40-60 May June
Mullein (Verbascum densiflorum) light yellow - 200 June August
Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) pink, scarlet, white, yellow, purple - 200 July August
Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica) deep blue 20-25 May June

4. Annual flowers

Sonnenblumen
Sonnenblumen

It towers over everyone else: the sunflower.

Photo: Fotolia / Kuttelvaserova

They bloom for only one summer, many of them until late summer and autumn. And some, like the large-flowered sunflower, are suitable as green manure. The annuals can be brought up on the warm window sill from March, or they can be sown directly in the bed in May.

Plant list annual summer flowers

Surname Flower color Height cm Heyday
Cup Mallow (Lavatera trimestris) pink, white 60-100 July-October
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) yellow 180-300 August-September
Foxtail (Amaranthus caudatus) dark red 60/100 July-October
Maiden in the green (Nigella damascena) blue White 30-50 July-September
Nasturtium yellow, orange, red climbs to 300 July-October
Levkoye (Matthiola annua) pink, carmine, purple, white 80-100 June July
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) yellow, red, pink, white 60-100 June-September
Delphinium (Delphinium ajacis) blue, purple, white 80-100 July-October
Marigold (Calendula officinalis) orange, yellow 25-50 July-October
Baby's breath (Gypsophila elegans) white, pink 30-50 July August
Summer aster (Callistephus chinensis) yellow, red, pink, blue, white 50-60 July-September
Straw flower (Helichrysum bracteatum) yellow, red, pink, white, purple, violet 80-100 July-September
Marigold (Tagetes patula) yellow, orange, brown-red 20-50 June-October
Vetch (Lathyrus odoratus) pink, purple, violet, blue, white, red climbs to 150 June July
Zinnia (Zinnia elegans) red, yellow, pink, purple, violet, white 30-100 July-September

5. Plant herbs in the cottage garden

Kamille
Kamille

Herbs like chamomile are a spice, aroma and green pharmacy at the same time. They also attract beautiful butterflies to the garden.

/ Ruud Morjin

The best way to plant the perennial herbs is on your own bed, staggered according to size. Decorative blooming herbs such as lavender, sage, rhombus and hyssop can be mixed into the flowers. Sow the annual herbs wherever there is space. As a gap filler, for example, savory stands between the bush beans. Dill thrives between the lettuce and chamomile blooms on the onion bed. In a small garden, the vegetable patch can be framed with parsley, chives and dill.

Plant list of annual herbs

Plant list of perennial herbs

Surname Height of growth sowing when to sow what reap
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) 150 Outdoors March April root
Savory (Satureja montana) 40 Outdoors from May Leaves, shoots
Spice fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) -200 Outdoors May Leaves, fruits
Garlic (Allium sativum) 70 plant outdoors March onion
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) 50 Outdoors May Leaves, shoot tips
Lovage (Levisticum officinalis) - 200 Outdoors April May Leaves, roots
Melissa (Melissa officinale) 100 Outdoors March Shoot tips
Peppermint (Mentha piperita) 80 Outdoors March leaves
Rhombus (Ruta graveolens) 60 Outdoors April leaves
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) - 150 prefer in the room February Shoot tips
Chives (Allium schoenoprassum) 25th Outdoors March leaves
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) 30th Outdoors April May Leaves, shoot tips
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) 100 prefer March Flowers, leaves
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) 100 Outdoors May Leaves, shoot tips

Book tip: My beautiful cottage garden

Buchtipp: Mein schöner Bauerngarten
Buchtipp: Mein schöner Bauerngarten

Vegetables, herbs, medicinal plants and flowers: they are all an integral part of a cottage garden. This book gives tips on planting and maintenance.

Photo: BLV

The typical cottage garden? There is no such thing. Its tradition is centuries old, its faces were and are very diverse. However, vegetables, herbs, medicinal plants and flowers have always been part of it - delicious, fragrant, healthy and colorful. And this is also the basis for the new desire for the farm garden.

Bärbel Steinberger took a foray through the history of this rural garden culture and drew a current portrait. "My beautiful cottage garden" is the name of the book, which contains background knowledge as well as tips on planting and maintenance. In the mirror of history, the Romans appear to be plant importers, Charlemagne's estate ordinance and Hildegard von Bingen with their knowledge of medicinal herbs. The author presents farm gardens in the Swiss Emmental as well as in the Westphalian Ammerland and gives tips for planning and layout. Then the typical plants are in the foreground. There are the Christmas rose as a symbol for eternity, the omnipresent marigold and the almost forgotten clary sage, the "magic plant" mullein as a remedy for evil spirits, the pumpkin from South America, the quince, the honeysuckle, the rose. Tables provide information about requirements and special features. Sections are also dedicated to the courtyard trees, potted plants and the "displaced". Customs, the practical use of plants (for dyeing, seasoning), their ritual meaning and recipes are also summarized, and in the end it is about the work in the course of the year - clearly arranged as practical instructions. It is not only the colorful photos that make My Beautiful Farm Garden an invitation to continue the tradition itself and create its own little paradise for body and soul - as a farm garden.

Bärbel Steinberger, “My beautiful cottage garden. Flower splendor and rich harvest”, 160 pages, 19.50 euros

BLV publishing house, 2007

Popular by topic