Table of contents:

Compost correctly: 10 tips
Compost correctly: 10 tips

Video: Compost correctly: 10 tips

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Throw it on, wait, done? Unfortunately composting is not that easy. These tips will help you avoid mistakes.

Table of contents Table of contents Compost correctly: 10 tips for perfect compost

  • Composting guide: The most important things at a glance
  • Tip 1: Find the right place for composting
  • Tip 2: Select a suitable compost bin
  • Tip 3: Compost only suitable waste
  • 4. Tip: Shred large cut waste
  • 5. Tip: Dispose of diseased plants elsewhere
  • Tip 6: Promote microorganisms and microorganisms
  • Tip 7: Cover the compost bin
  • 8. Tip: Implement compost
  • Tip 9: Use only mature compost in the garden
  • Tip 10: Sieve compost before spreading

Table of contents Table of contents Compost correctly: 10 tips for perfect compost

  • Composting guide: The most important things at a glance
  • Tip 1: Find the right place for composting
  • Tip 2: Select a suitable compost bin
  • Tip 3: Compost only suitable waste
  • 4. Tip: Shred large cut waste
  • 5. Tip: Dispose of diseased plants elsewhere
  • Tip 6: Promote microorganisms and microorganisms
  • Tip 7: Cover the compost bin
  • 8. Tip: Implement compost
  • Tip 9: Use only mature compost in the garden
  • Tip 10: Sieve compost before spreading

Hobby and professional gardeners swear by compost as an organic fertilizer and a valuable source of nutrients for their plants. On top of that, it improves the floor structure. When composting, however, laypeople make mistakes repeatedly, so that the composition is not quite optimal or the waiting time until the compost is ripe takes an unnecessarily long time. We have summarized the most important points in ten tips for you.

Composting guide: The most important things at a glance

  • Choose a shady and cool location
  • Only compost suitable waste
  • If necessary, shred material
  • Pay attention to a varied filling
  • Promote microorganisms
  • Implement compost regularly

Tip 1: Find the right place for composting

The choice of a suitable location is crucial when composting. The best conditions for setting up a compost bin are under a large tree in the garden - it is nice and shady and cool there so that it does not dry out. At the same time, the composter is protected from precipitation. Never place the compost bin on sealed surfaces. Without contact with the ground, the moisture cannot run off and seep away, nor can beneficial organisms promoting the rotting process penetrate the compost from below.

Tip 2: Select a suitable compost bin

Only compost containers that have adequate ventilation are really suitable for composting. The rotting process inside only starts when fresh oxygen comes in and the carbon dioxide generated by the rotting can come out. Most models therefore have slits and gaps in the side walls.

Commercial composters usually consist of wood or galvanized metal and should have at least two chambers, three are better:

  • The fresh waste is collected in the first chamber
  • The so-called rotting phase takes place in the second chamber
  • The material decomposes completely in the third chamber

Tip 3: Compost only suitable waste

When it comes to compost, there is always a question: What can you compost at all? Some wastes have lost nothing on the compost because they either do not rot or give off pollutants to the environment. Garden waste such as clippings and autumn leaves are perfect, but also crop residues and fall fruit. Uncooked (vegetable) kitchen waste is also harmless and beneficial for good compost. Eggs can also be composted. Citrus fruits only if they are untreated - chemical pesticides and pesticides significantly disrupt the rotting process. However, citrus fruits rot slowly due to the essential oils they contain.

The following applies to composting: the more varied the filling, the better. Therefore always mix wet material with dry and heavy / dense with loose. If you also mix in a few wild herbs now and then, you will get a perfect result.

Das darf auf den Kompost
Das darf auf den Kompost

Anything that can rot will be used for composting. However, for best results, it is important that you always mix dry with wet waste.

Photo: Flora Press / BIOSPHOTO / Lamontagne

4. Tip: Shred large cut waste

Large trimmings such as twigs and branches will rot more quickly if they are chopped up before composting, for example with a chopper. This makes it easier for microorganisms to penetrate and decompose the material. If you have to dispose of large amounts of autumn leaves, in the best case, also shred them before composting. In that case, you just take the lawn mower.

5. Tip: Dispose of diseased plants elsewhere

Not all garden waste should be composted. Some diseased or pest-infested plants are better disposed of with household waste - otherwise they would spread. Among others, the following are harmless:

  • Leaf fungi such as rust, mildew or scab
  • Leaf spot diseases
  • Brown rot
  • Viral diseases such as the mosaic virus

Many gardeners even observe that plants that have been fertilized with compost that also contains components of sick plants appear healthier and become more resistant to precisely these diseases.

You should dispose of them in the household waste with the following diseases:

  • Cabbage hernia
  • Fire blight
  • Fusarium wilt
  • Verticillium wilt

Animal plant pests usually do not pose any danger. Exceptions: leaf miner, root bile flakes (soil nematodes / roundworms) or onion flies.

Tip 6: Promote microorganisms and microorganisms

The whole process of composting is based on the work of countless microorganisms and microorganisms such as bacteria and unicellular organisms. They need the right nutrients for the desired activity. We therefore recommend using so-called compost accelerators from specialist retailers: It contains organic substances such as guano or horn meal.

Gardener's tip: Water your compost in long dry periods. Moisture is also essential for the rotting process and the microorganisms involved.

Komposter
Komposter

A wooden container with three compartments is ideal for composting. It also looks good in some gardens.

Photo: Friedrich Strauss / Clive Nichols Photography

Tip 7: Cover the compost bin

If your compost bin is not well protected under a large tree, it may be advisable to cover it. On the one hand, it prevents too much moisture from entering the compost or the material cools down too much in winter, and on the other hand it keeps the compost nice and moist. Important: Use only well-drained material such as straw or reed mats for covering. Special compost protection fleeces are also offered in garden centers or in the hardware store, which offer good frost protection, especially in severe winters.

8. Tip: Implement compost

The right mix is ​​essential for successful composting. Because this is not so easy to achieve in everyday life, many gardeners regularly use their compost. The implementation has the advantage that moist and dry, dense or loose material can be mixed again if it has accumulated disproportionately at one point. In this way, rotting is promoted and composting is accelerated enormously.

Tip 9: Use only mature compost in the garden

How long composting takes depends on the season - on average it takes six to twelve months for the compost to be ready for spreading. You can recognize mature compost by its composition and its smell: it is very fine and smells of damp forest soil. In terms of color, it should be dark brown to almost black.

Tip 10: Sieve compost before spreading

Our last tip for composting: Sieve the compost before spreading. Use a large pass-through sieve with a mesh size of at least 15 millimeters. The large parts migrate back into the compost, the fine rest can be wonderfully distributed evenly in the vegetable patch or in the flower bed.

Ulrike Hanninger Redaktion Haus.de

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