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Plant and care for roses properly
Plant and care for roses properly

Video: Plant and care for roses properly

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Video: How To Grow Roses - This Is What Professionals Do! 2023, January
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Caring for roses is not easy - this reputation sometimes precedes the queen of the garden. But you just have to know how to do it. When planting roses, be sure to choose an airy, sunny location. Because of their manifestations and uses, roses are divided into different classes.

Table of contents Table of contents Plant and care for roses properly

  • Wild roses
  • Historical roses
  • Floribunda roses
  • Climbing roses
  • Ground cover roses
  • Hybrid Tea
  • Caring for roses properly
  • Protection against diseases and pests
  • Roses care in winter
  • Diseases and pests
  • Late frosts and sunburn
  • Lack of nitrogen & bleaching addiction
  • Powdery mildew, star soot & rose rust
  • Plant roses
  • Considerations before buying

Table of contents Table of contents Plant and care for roses properly

  • Wild roses
  • Historical roses
  • Floribunda roses
  • Climbing roses
  • Ground cover roses
  • Hybrid Tea
  • Caring for roses properly
  • Protection against diseases and pests
  • Roses care in winter
  • Diseases and pests
  • Late frosts and sunburn
  • Lack of nitrogen & bleaching addiction
  • Powdery mildew, star soot & rose rust
  • Plant roses
  • Considerations before buying

Wild roses

The delicately scented wild rose is the original mother of all rose varieties. It has simple flowers with mostly five petals and five sepals as well as small-leaved leaves. Their color spectrum is limited to pink and white tones. The shrubs reach heights of half a to three meters and use differently shaped rose hips. The best known native wild rose is the dog rose (Rosa canina). Varieties with a wild rose character are called park roses.

Historical roses

Species that were already on the market before 1867 are called historical roses. Thanks to their long tradition, they have a special charm for lovers and collectors. They usually have double, intensely fragrant flowers and bloom once a year. They are available as ground cover, shrub or climbing roses. However, old roses are sometimes more susceptible to disease and more demanding than modern varieties. Therefore there are so-called Romantic or Nostalgic Roses. They are more robust, but imitate the historical roses in appearance and fragrance. Assortments with so-called English roses are mostly composed of historical and nostalgic roses.

The import of roses from China marks the beginning of the “modern era” in rose cultivation. Because they were transported on tea ships, the roses grown from them were called tea roses. They later became the tea hybrids.

Floribunda roses

Floribunda roses are also called polyantha or floribunda roses. These names clarify the most important characteristic of these roses: their flowers sit in clusters on highly branched shoots. Floribunda roses are hardly suitable for the vase, but they decorate the flowerbed all the more impressively. With some varieties, their abundance of flowers even extends into autumn. However, the strength is not high, and bed roses are rarely over one meter high.

Beetrosen
Beetrosen

The flowers of floribunda roses sit on highly branched shoots.

Photo: iStock / OlgaPonomarenko

Climbing roses

The climbing rose is a natural development of the rose. Because it was too dark for her in the shade of the bushes and trees, she used her thorns and began to climb up to her neighbors. Humans take advantage of this striving for light and decorate pergolas and even entire house walls with climbing roses. Rambler roses have become fashionable again in recent years. These historical climbing roses tend to climb through trees and sturdy shrubs. Flexible shoots up to six meters long are not uncommon. Despite these tremendous growth achievements, the climbing and rambler roses bloom splendidly - but only once a year, with many small flowers.

Fassade-Kletterer
Fassade-Kletterer

Englishmen refer to climbing roses as climbers.

/ CL-Medien

Ground cover roses

Ground cover roses often make a similar impression to floribunda roses. They only grow upright at the beginning. Later, the 30 to 70 cm long shoots cover the ground. Their flowers are usually also in clusters. Ground cover roses are often found in parks or in rock gardens.

Bodendeckerrosen
Bodendeckerrosen

Ground cover roses are very similar to floribunda roses.

Photo: Bundessortenamt ADR

Hybrid Tea

Hybrid roses are the least wild roses. They are also called tea hybrids and are characterized by a large, elegant and well-filled flower on a long stem. Unfortunately, the fragrance was sacrificed in favor of beauty in some breeds. These roses work well as cut flowers. Most tea hybrids reach a height of one meter and bloom more often.

Edelrose
Edelrose

This hybrid rose is called La rose du petit prince and was bred by Delbard.

Photo: Lacon Rosen

Caring for roses properly

  • Pouring: In any case, you have to pour. But too much water drowns the roots, too little water makes the plant susceptible to diseases and pests. Always water so that the root area is well wetted.
  • Fertilization : In addition to special rose fertilizers, compost and horn meal or chips are recommended for fertilizing roses. Well deposited manure from horses or sheep is a valuable asset for a rose lover. This will mulch before winter protection is applied.
  • Handling flowers: Throughout the flowering period, remove the old flowers regularly to stimulate new growth - unless you value rose hip formation.
  • The right cut: In the science of rose pruning, we limit ourselves to a few basic rules. The crop cut simulates the natural game bite, which repeatedly illuminates and rejuvenates the plants. The cut is made after the end of winter, when the shoot is already hinting. Don't be stingy when it comes to pruning roses - a courageous pruning promotes vigorous growth. The best way to shorten modern flowerbeds, shrubs and roses is to a height of around 25 centimeters. Weak shoots are cut stronger than strong ones. Make the cut half a centimeter above an eye pointing outwards (bud). Make sure you have a well-cut, clean rose scissor that leaves no stubs.

    Ground cover, wild and climbing roses are not cut back, as are some historical roses. These bloom on biennial wood, a cut can therefore prevent flowering. Only line up shoots that grow crosswise, are too weak or disturbing. Climbing climbing roses or once-blooming roses are severely cut back after the spring bloom. The new shoots will bloom the next year. Always remove all clippings and fallen leaves and flowers to avoid disease.

Rosen schneiden
Rosen schneiden

With a generous pruning, the roses will grow faster.

Photo: BdB

Protection against diseases and pests

The most reliable protection is the strengthening of the plant. Therefore, fertilize high quality, but not too much and above all not too long. After the first flowering (in June or July), the last fertilization should take place. Otherwise, shoots are formed too late, which are then vulnerable because they are not mature.

Roses care in winter

For the winter, the roses are piled up and wrapped in straw mats, brushwood or burlap. Do not use plastic wrap, it will cause condensation to form, which can lead to frost damage. The winter protection is only removed when the forsythia begin to bloom in the immediate vicinity.

Diseases and pests

Since some attention is paid to the roses anyway because of their beauty, it does not cost you much additional effort to look out for diseases and pests. The aphids, which like to settle on the delicate shoot tips and form green or black (eggs) sticky colonies, are very striking. The easiest way to get rid of them is to wipe them off with a cloth or brush. You can also remove a single, heavily infested branch. In the event of a stronger invasion, you should spray with soft soap alcohol solution or pre-made solutions.

Blattläuse
Blattläuse

Aphids are wiped off with a brush or cloth.

Late frosts and sunburn

Brown spots and edges on the leaves are caused by late frosts - remove the affected leaves. Light brown spots are caused by sunburn. Be careful not to water in strong sunlight - especially not on the leaves. Leaves that turn yellowish brown and fall off indicate a thirsty rose that needs more watering.

Lack of nitrogen & bleaching addiction

Weak shoots, narrow, pale leaves that also fall off indicate a lack of nitrogen, whereas pale leaves, on which only the leaf veins are green, indicate an addiction to bleaching. This is caused by too calcareous soil, waterlogging or wood damage.

Powdery mildew, star soot & rose rust

The best known and most feared rose epidemic is powdery mildew. It is a so-called fair weather fungus and covers the leaves with a white-gray, powdery coating. Like the black soot or the rose rust, which forms orange-red pustules (later black), it is chemically controlled by spraying.

Plant roses

Planting roses takes time and care. After all, the plant should thrive splendidly at this location for many years! The ideal time to plant is in October and November, and March and April are also possible.

First you should make sure that the chosen location is "fresh from the roses". This means that there have been no roses or plants from the "Rosaceae" family (for example apples or pears) on this area in recent years. Otherwise there may be a so-called replica disease, which leads to short stature. The problem should be solved with an earth exchange of a good half meter.

Rosen einpflanzen
Rosen einpflanzen

Fall or spring is the best time to plant.

Photo: MSG / Folkert Siemens

If you want to plant beautiful roses, the next important requirement is profundity. If the soil is compacted, it is better to dig the planting hole a little deeper so that the roses can take root as deeply as is appropriate to their nature. Prick the digging hole into the bottom of the planting hole several times and distribute some sand as drainage. Otherwise, the planting hole should be a hand's breadth wider than the root ball is wide and so deep that the roots are not kinked when the grafting site is five centimeters below the ground. Before planting, prune the roots of bare root plants to a length of about 20 centimeters. The root ball of container goods loosen something. Severely matted root balls cut them open.

Before inserting them into the planting hole, the roses are given a good portion of water. They are placed in a bucket of water for a few hours. In the case of container goods, it is sufficient to immerse the bale until there are no more air bubbles. If you bought a rose in a (plastic) pot, cut it lengthways before you tear out the rose and the moist soil remains in the pot.

Rosen vor dem Einpflanzen wässern
Rosen vor dem Einpflanzen wässern

Roses should be in the water for a few hours before being planted.

Photo: MSG / Claudia Schick

To find the correct height, you can put a crossbar over the planting hole as an aid. The finishing point (the distinctive thickening at the root neck) should be about three finger widths below the lower edge. When filling the planting hole, a second pair of hands is helpful so that the rose is straight. Depending on the location, you can fill up with rose soil, uniform potting soil or garden soil that has been enriched with a little compost or horn shavings. Very heavy soil is mixed with sand. When the planting hole is well filled, carefully step on the soil, creating a watering rim all around. Then pour, with a lot of patience and even more water, so that the soil is properly slurried between the roots. After that, they are piled up - in spring and autumn. To do this, cover the rose with two hand-widths of humus or rose soil. You only remove this protection when the forsythia is in bloom, when the weather is as cloudy as possible.

Considerations before buying

Due to mass increase, roses are inexpensive today, but not every rose grows well everywhere. When buying it, pay particular attention to the climate and location. In addition, you should choose the right variety.

The ADR roses have successfully passed the general German rose novelty test, they were tested nationwide in eleven test gardens for three years, among other things, for disease and pest resistance, flowering pleasure and flowering duration. You can often only get the roses with ADR badges from specialist dealers.

There are two different approaches to buying roses. Either you want to plant certain roses that you particularly like or are still missing in your collection and are looking for the right place for them. Or you have a place or purpose and are looking for the right rose for it. In general it can be said that there is a suitable rose for practically every stain in every garden. The common rose location is airy without being drafty, light but not hot, planted but not overgrown. The soil should be deep, well drained and nutritious. But there are also suitable roses for more extreme locations.

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