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Bee kills - these flowers provide food for bees
Bee kills - these flowers provide food for bees

Video: Bee kills - these flowers provide food for bees

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Video: This Bee Gets Punched by Flowers For Your Ice Cream | Deep Look 2023, February
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Bee death - most of us have heard of it. What few people know, however, is that bee death in Germany is primarily a disappearance of the wild bee. Honey bees are also at risk from disease, parasites and pesticides. But honeybees are usually farm animals that a caring beekeeper takes care of. The wild bees, on the other hand, have an enormously important function in the ecological cycle, at the same time they are almost defenseless against the living conditions that change so fundamentally. Time to do something about it!

The worldwide bee death is an enormously important topic of our time. Because when bees die out, humans die out too, it is said. Which is logical in itself, because: The black and yellow growers are responsible for about 80 percent of our crops. Not everything is pollinated by the wind. We need bees and other insects to pollinate agricultural products. The cause of bee death is mainly due to the use of pesticides, lack of food sources and the Varroa mite. The mite, which is only two millimeters in size, attacks larvae and adult bees and sucks out the hemolymph.

Wild bees are considered the main pollinators. In search of the high-energy nectar, they fly to a wide variety of flowers, taking in plenty of pollen in their coat and carrying it on to the stigma of the next flower. Many flowers, but especially the types of fruit and vegetables and herbs are fertilized. The causal chain is simple: If the bees are missing, there is no yield. But because there is no longer enough food in nature - through heavily fertilized monocultures in agriculture or in gardens, where it is lush but does not flower much - the wild bees are threatened.

Bee killing: actively creating new habitats

To counteract bee death, we can create food sources and new habitats. Most insects need nectar and pollen, which they find in the flowers of plants. Nectar is a sugar-containing liquid that provides aroma, mineral and other important ingredients. Pollen is important because of its proteins, amino acids and vitamins and is created by bees in the cells of their hive as bee bread. The nurse bees, which take care of the larvae and also the queen, are primarily supplied.

If you want to do something for the wild bees, you first have to understand their way of life. There is a lot of interesting to discover, for example that 560 different species live in Germany. It also includes bumblebees, which live socially in small peoples and nest in matted grass, hollow trees and other small cavities. An important principle is therefore: Please do not tidy up the garden too much! What may look a little messy at first glance can be the perfect home for wild bees. Dead wood is a magic word: When cutting back every year you shouldn't throw away all the branches, but pile some of them up to a small hill that can then be inhabited. Of course, dry stone walls or an apiary are also available as a comfortable dwelling.

However, if you now suspect that wild bees settled above ground, you are wrong: in fact, most wild bee species are breeders. Often a patch of open ground is enough for them, which is not fertilized, mulched or planted. The fear that colonizing the ground with wild bees could have unpleasant consequences for the garden owner is unfounded: most wild bees are completely harmless and do not sting as long as they do not feel threatened - so you can coexist in the best possible way.

Insejtenhotel
Insejtenhotel

This self-made insect hotel, which offers multiple shelters, is causing a sensation. If you want to make it easier for yourself, buy an apiary.

Photo: Fotolia / Glaser

In spring and summer, the insects usually find a large amount of nutritious flowering plants. In autumn and winter, on the other hand, it will be difficult for them to find enough nutrients. It is therefore sensible and necessary for gardens to be laid out in such a way that they have plenty to offer from spring to autumn and are therefore of interest to bees and other insects. In any case, it is advisable to exchange views with a landscape gardener. He is familiar with the different flowering periods of the plant species and knows how to create a garden close to nature but still with an attractive basic structure.

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Blooming magnolias, roses, lilac bushes or berries attract bees, bumblebees and butterflies to our gardens.

Photo: Association of German Nurseries eV / akz-o Association of German Nurseries eV / akz-o

In spring, it is mainly onion flowers such as crocuses or wild tulips that attract insects to the garden. But woody plants such as cornelian cherry or dwarf shrubs such as winter heather, for example, also offer a wealth of food in spring. Later, until May, apple and cherry trees bloom, which are replaced by many ornamental plants and not least spices. Thyme, peppermint, borage, lavender or coriander are rich sources of pollen and nectar. In summer they exude a wonderful aroma. It is best to get close to the house, where they are easily accessible from the kitchen. As a special highlight, you or a landscape gardener can create a herb spiral. Not only does it look great, it also allows you to plant different herbs with different requirements on a small area.

A little country life brings flower meadows into the garden. They provide a colorful meadow on which bees and butterflies feel at home. The rich combination of wildflowers, herbs and grasses creates a paradise for bumblebees and Co.

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These plants provide ideal food for wild bees from spring to autumn.

Photo: THE HOUSE

Because the plants can twist when entering, experts in the garden and landscape recommend restricting themselves to restricted areas. For example, you can create a small garden area or meadow near the terrace. Then there is enough lawn to walk on and plenty of space for children to play. "Instead of planting an evergreen hedge, garden owners could also choose a flower hedge, " advises Gerald Jungjohann from the Federal Association for Garden, Landscape and Sports Field Construction (BGL). "If you select the shrubs according to their different flowering periods, they provide the insects with valuable food for several months." From the early flowering ornamental quince to the lilac and the hibiscus to the snowball - there is a large selection of suitable shrubs.

Helping bees: climbing plants with little space

Die Glockenrebe (Cobaea Scandens) ist eine wunderbare Nahrungsquelle für Bienen
Die Glockenrebe (Cobaea Scandens) ist eine wunderbare Nahrungsquelle für Bienen

Bell vine (Cobaea scandens) is a wonderful food source for bees.

Photo: Alamy / Rex May

If you have little space in your garden, you can create a bee-friendly area with the help of tendrils. Wild wine, ivy, wild roses, climbing hydrangeas, espalier fruits, wisteria or climbing trumpets are very suitable for greening a pergola, arbor or facade.

With climbing plants, you create a green oasis of calm that provides shade in the summer, cleans the air, dampens noise and, above all, creates new living space for beneficial animals. So pollinators have a rich buffet and a safe living space until autumn. Perennials such as sun bride and aster also provide a lively insect drive. Late-flowering onion flowers such as dahlias are also a popular landing site. It is important that in addition to magnificent and double flowers, simply blooming flowers also grow, because only these produce pollen and nectar. Gardens that are designed close to nature also offer an ideal habitat for animals such as birds and hedgehogs.

Gray stone deserts in the garden are not suitable for cultivating valuable plants. Some garden owners make the mistake of sealing far too much space - for paths, patios or simply because it supposedly does less work. With the gray stone deserts, you not only give yourself the opportunity for beautiful, colorful places in your own garden, but also hardly any living space for insects such as bees, butterflies and bumblebees.

Hummel an Distel
Hummel an Distel

One of the best sources of energy: the thistle still has enough food ready when other flowers have already faded. The bumblebees, which belong to the wild bees, also taste good.

Photo: iStock / 49pauly

Bee willows, on the other hand, are not only a pleasure for the eyes, but also for all beneficial organisms. Bee pastures are plants that produce a lot of pollen and nectar and are therefore particularly popular with insects. Bees in particular need a variety of pollen and a varied diet to feed their offspring. If you want to create a bee pasture, you can get comprehensive advice on suitable trees, shrubs, herbs and flowers in local tree nurseries. You can find a tree nursery near you here.

Various fruit trees, but also maple, chestnut or apple rose are considered among the trees to be particularly flower-rich and therefore ideal for bees to supply pollen and nectar. For the shrubs, hawthorn, barberry or berry bushes are at the top of the menu. Beetles in particular are delighted with the early blooming magnolia.

One thing is certain: if a garden is in full bloom from spring to autumn, not only beneficial animals are happy, but you too.

Violetta Hoffmann editors haus.de

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