Table of contents:
- Decking as a floor covering for balcony and terrace
- WPC: "Wood Plastic Composite" as flooring for patios and balconies
- Paving stones as a terrace floor
- Ceramic flooring
Video: The best flooring for patios and balconies
Whether tropical or domestic types of wood, tiles, concrete, stone or WPC: The selection of floor coverings for patios and balconies is huge. You can decide which flooring is best for your balcony or terrace. We present various options.
Decking as a floor covering for balcony and terrace
Domestic woods such as Douglas fir, pine and spruce are often used as a balcony or terrace covering. Hardwood varieties such as ash, oak or larch are particularly robust: this species is considered to be particularly weatherproof because its own resins make it very hard and water-repellent. However, the larch wood has to be maintained regularly with oils, otherwise it will fade over time. Since the wood is often imported from other countries, you should pay attention to the FSC seal. Incidentally, this applies to all imported types of wood in order to counteract the destruction of the rainforests. Popular tropical woods include Ipé, teak, Bangkirai or Garapa. These are considered to be particularly robust and weatherproof. Soft woods such as Douglas fir or pine are partially subjected to a thermal treatment and thus made resistant.
WPC: "Wood Plastic Composite" as flooring for patios and balconies
The mixture of ground wood fibers in a polypropylene sheath is UV-resistant, resistant to insects, fungi, chemicals, oil and water. In addition, the mixture is unbreakable, non-slip and shatterproof. That is why WPC is one of the most popular outdoor floor coverings. The mixture of wood fibers or wood flour and plastic hardly deforms and is very easy to care for. With a high-pressure cleaner, the surface is clean in no time! The boards are also non-slip, waterproof and resistant to chlorinated water. So ideal for pool owners. In summer, however, they heat up more than real wood floorboards.
The WPC floor coverings come very close to the natural wooden floor. So you can usually see no difference at first glance. The surfaces can be roughly grooved, smooth or wavy. Compared to natural wooden decking, WPC has a shelf life of more than 25 years. This places it in first place in the durability class. When properly cared for, natural types of wood generally only average ten to fifteen years.
Usually a substructure is laid first and then the planks with a clip system. Gravel, washed concrete slabs, rubber granulate pads or grass are suitable as substrates. It depends on how deep the soil can be excavated. On patios, a PE film and rubber granulate are laid out. Then there is a frame construction made of aluminum, on which the boards are then fixed.
So-called end caps are available for WPC planks with a hollow chamber profile. These prevent insects from nesting. Before assembly, however, the hollow chambers must be drilled so that water and air can evaporate. Alternatively, cover strips can also be used as edge edging.
Paving stones are less suitable for the balcony. As a terrace floor, however, they are unbeatable.
Photo: CRH Clay Solution
Paving stones as a terrace floor
Paving stones are ideal as a floor covering for the terrace. They are made of clay, resistant to bending, acid and frost resistant and are completely waterproof. This makes them perfect for outdoors.
Concrete stone made of sand, gravel and cement looks rather cool and is not quite as robust as stone. Additional surface protection against abrasion is required here. Two-layer coverings have a layer of granite, marble or semi-precious stone on thick core concrete, which must also be sealed.
Natural stone shows a wide variety of shapes and colors, inclusions and grain - irregularities testify to authenticity. Depending on how the professional processes the surface, it influences the value, durability and maintenance requirements of the stone floor.
The following applies to stone flooring: in summer, concrete and natural stone heat up properly. So they are not always accessible without shoes.
If you choose ceramic plates, you should pay attention to the composition. This determines the frost resistance.
There are very large quality differences here: stoneware, for example, has a water absorption of less than three percent, little porosity and is therefore considered frost-resistant. This also includes porcelain stoneware with an even lower water absorption. The quartz and field savings make the material more durable.
Then there are the popular terracotta tiles. These are also very weather-resistant due to the high lime marl.
A big advantage of ceramic tiles is the easy maintenance. Disadvantage: In the event of incorrect laying, such as on the wrong surface, frost damage can occur permanently.
Photo: iStock / serezniy