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Wooden stairs: tips for planning and construction
Wooden stairs: tips for planning and construction

Video: Wooden stairs: tips for planning and construction

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Video: First Time Building Stairs - Everything You Need To Know 2023, January

A wooden staircase is made by hand to a precise fit by a carpenter and carpenter - with a straight stair railing, arches or swings on request. Depending on the structural specifications, taste and budget, the professional also recommends suitable wooden stairs from series production.

Understand the construction plan of the wooden staircase

A wooden staircase consists of steps and a scaffold that supports them. Stair treads are available as rectangular blocks of wood, triangular wedges, flat panels, and as angles and horizontal "L". Professionals refer to the horizontal part of a step as a step or step. You can see through “open” stairs, they are built without a vertical riser.

Stair strings in the form of boards or squared timber limit the flight of stairs to the side, the steps are in milled grooves. Stair rails support steps for two from below, there are also bold constructions with only one rail. The steps are put on and screwed on. The steps rest on a spiral staircase in or on the central stair spindle and the surrounding cheek.

In construction plans, a dot, circle or double line mark the front edge of the lower step, an arrow the front edge of the upper step - it also shows in which direction the stairs rise. Most state building regulations only allow wooden stairs in buildings with up to two full floors. The decisive factor is the fire resistance, which can only be increased to a limited extent through larger cross-sections of the components or cladding.


Wooden stairs are increasingly integrated as important design elements in houses and form an extraordinary eye-catcher.

Photo: iStock / stocknroll

Individual wooden stairs

Builders are increasingly integrating the wooden staircase into the living area as an important style and design element and want an extraordinary eye-catcher that still fits the furnishings. Wooden stairs look classy, ​​give the room warmth and are pleasant to walk on. Creative carpenters and carpenters provide custom work and come up with individual pieces of jewelry, play with natural color nuances and grains, combine the natural material with other building materials in an interesting way or give the stairs a whiff with glaze or opaque paint.

Robust types of wood

Experts from the Timber Sales Fund recommend domestic, rigid softwoods such as Douglas fir, spruce, pine or larch or hardwoods such as maple, ash or walnut for wooden staircase construction. Most builders have load-bearing stair parts made of solid wood and choose inexpensive softwood for the side cheeks, robust types such as maple, (red) beech, ash or hard tropical woods for the steps and handrails. Wooden stairs made of solid wood can later be sanded and repainted or glazed, after which they will look like new again. However, plywood or plywood are also suitable for cheeks and block or treads; low-cost chipboard is often used for risers.

Taking care of the wooden stairs

Wooden stairs only need to be swept or vacuumed regularly and occasionally wiped with a damp cloth. After years of walking up or down stairs, scratches or scratches may appear, they can be sanded down and resealed. The carpenter professionally renovates worn or creaking wooden steps, if necessary, doubling the steps is a good idea.


In buildings with special shapes, problems occasionally arise when building a wooden staircase. The carpenter helps here.

Photo: Weseler Teppich GmbH & Co. KG / Tretford

Standard wooden staircase comfort

Prefabricated stairs consist of industrially prefabricated parts, which the wood professional assembles into an individual wooden staircase - this saves time and money. Ready-made stairs are inserted into the recess in the ceiling as soon as the shell is in place or the interior has been completed - there is no need for expensive and expensive formwork for a concrete staircase. Kits consist of prefabricated individual parts and are available for straight, curved and spiral stairs. To ensure that the ascent matches the ceiling hole and floor plan, room height and building owner's wishes, a carpenter should take measurements and accompany the construction.

Hand and artwork

In old buildings or buildings with special dimensions, problems occasionally arise with the angle of attack - wooden stairs made from prefabricated components are then laboriously trimmed. A resourceful carpenter constructed an adjustable staircase that overcomes storey heights from 2.40 to 2.90 meters at different angles of attack: the right and left cheeks are divided lengthways, the boards can be moved against each other. The steps are stored with a round pin in each half of the cheek.

If you fit the upper cheeks between the ceiling opening and the floor, the construction, together with the lower cheeks, moves like a parallelogram and carries the wooden stairs - they are always horizontal and the posts are vertical at every incline of the stairs. The slope and tread area always change to match the height of the floor. Steps, cheeks and banisters are made of 40 mm thick beech wood, the stairs are available with whole steps or economy steps, raw or lacquered. Models with eleven and 13 slopes are available, a table helps you choose the right stair length.

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