Table of contents:

Oak wood: properties, use, advantages and disadvantages
Oak wood: properties, use, advantages and disadvantages

Video: Oak wood: properties, use, advantages and disadvantages

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Video: Characteristics of Oak Wood: Is oak the right wood type for you? 2023, January
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Oak is trendy. It is not only its robust properties that make solid wood interesting for furniture, gardening and construction. Oak is also popular for its versatility and its special look. However, there are not only advantages - find out more about trend wood here.

Table of contents Table of contents oak: Comeback with style

  • Oak wood: Regional wood is trendy
  • What are the typical properties of oak wood?
  • The use of oak wood indoors and outdoors
  • Advantages and disadvantages of oak wood
  • What does oak wood cost?

Table of contents Table of contents oak: Comeback with style

  • Oak wood: Regional wood is trendy
  • What are the typical properties of oak wood?
  • The use of oak wood indoors and outdoors
  • Advantages and disadvantages of oak wood
  • What does oak wood cost?

For a long time, oak was considered to be out of date, and as “rustic oak” it was even a relic of the past. But it is now making a comeback. Oak is again one of the most popular domestic types of wood. This is not only due to its robust nature. Its flexibility and beautiful structure are also being rediscovered by the furniture and interior industry.

Oak wood: Regional wood is trendy

Around 500 types of oak grow in Europe, North America and Asia. However, the pedunculate oak, also known as the German oak or summer oak, and the sessile oak (also: winter oak) are particularly popular. Both of us are mostly referred to as "oak", but deliver exactly the local wood that is currently so popular. They have a gray-yellow to yellow-brown color, their annual rings are clearly visible. The grain is particularly even. The so-called “wild oak” is also popular. It is not an independent type of oak, but simply has many branches. This ensures intense colors and strong grain.

Oak wood is not only particularly resistant, but also fits every living style. That is why the furniture industry is backing on oak - especially light oak. It doesn't seem quite as rustic and heavy. If you are unsure, you can't go wrong with light oak - because it can be treated and processed in all imaginable ways. Oak arrives - not least because of the positive ecological balance of local woods.

Bodenbelag aus Eichenholz
Bodenbelag aus Eichenholz

As a floor covering, oak is currently more popular than ever. Darker shades with a striking pattern are particularly popular.

Photo: iStock / Anselm Kempf

What are the typical properties of oak wood?

  • Oak wood is particularly weatherproof and resistant even in difficult conditions.
  • Robustness and durability have made the oak a symbol of strength and endurance. Not all of the wood will last that long.
  • The heartwood in the middle is hard and heavy. It is easy to work with and only shows a slight shrinkage.
  • It is also very resistant to insect and fungal attack.
  • Oak wood is classified in durability class 2 and is therefore considered to be particularly durable in comparison to other woods.
  • It can therefore not only be used indoors, but also outdoors.
  • Drying oak is no problem, but takes a little time.
  • The wear of the robust wood is minimal.

The use of oak wood indoors and outdoors

Oak wood is so diverse that it is equally popular for furniture, gardening and construction. Solid wood furniture is particularly popular with us - and not just because of its durability. Oak furniture create a warm atmosphere, a good indoor climate and stand for a sustainable lifestyle in harmony with nature. Beds, tables and chairs in particular, but also desks, shelves and vanities can be found in a large selection of oak. And of course the classic: the oak kitchen. There are also windows and doors made of oak, parquet and wooden floorboards, stairs, railings, ceiling and wall coverings. And of course it is also used in the garden - whether with garden furniture, fences, wooden paving, terraces or pedestrian bridges. Oak is used as a beam in the half-timbered building. In food storage, for example as a wine barrel. And of course oak is an excellent firewood with a long burning time.

Eichenholz eignet sich für draußen (z. B. Gartenmöbel, Zäune) und drinnen (z. B. Tische, Betten, Regale, Stühle)
Eichenholz eignet sich für draußen (z. B. Gartenmöbel, Zäune) und drinnen (z. B. Tische, Betten, Regale, Stühle)

Oak wood has numerous uses: As a dining table, the wood creates a particularly warm atmosphere and a sustainable lifestyle.

Photo: iStock / undrey

Advantages and disadvantages of oak wood

The advantages of oak are obvious. It is characterized by its long shelf life, is robust and very resistant to insects, fungi and weather influences. Oak is firm and hardly warps. It absorbs wood preservatives well. Pickling, smoking, glazing and painting is possible without any problems. Outside, you can also use oak untreated. Wood protection outdoors is no longer so important. The wood is steamed soft and pliable. Smoked it takes on a dark, intense color. The grain of oak wood is always different, so you get something unique. However, the wood darkens over time. It also tends to crack. The tannins contained in the oak are also problematic. Although they support the resistance of the hardwood, they also ensure that metals such as nails start to rust and discolor the wood. The advantages and disadvantages at a glance:

benefits

  • Long durability
  • Resistant to pests and weather
  • Can be edited flexibly
  • Individual, natural flair
  • Positive environmental balance, since it is available as domestic wood
  • Even in water permanently
  • Is only slightly distorted
  • Can be used untreated outdoors

disadvantage

  • Damp wood oxidizes metals and discolors the wood
  • Color darkens
  • Cracks form quickly

What does oak wood cost?

Even if there are differences in quality, oak is fundamentally of high quality and rather expensive due to its properties alone. Local oak is also more popular than it grows. Prices vary a lot depending on what you want. Because sometimes it's not just the material itself, but also the production that makes tables or beds so expensive. Lumber is available in various sizes and thicknesses for an average of around 800 to 1, 600 euros per cubic meter. You have to pay 2, 500 to 3, 000 euros per cubic meter for high-quality master goods. Steamed oak is usually a bit expensive and priced at over 1, 000 euros. Red oak is usually a little cheaper. As firewood, you should plan an average of 35 euros per room meter for oak. Beech wood offers a good and cheaper alternative.

Anja Schmidt

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