Table of contents:

The best tips for forsythia
The best tips for forsythia

Video: The best tips for forsythia

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Properly Maintained Forsythia Can Be Beautiful! 2023, January
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Robust, frost hardy and with stunning flower power: it is not for nothing that forsythia is one of the most popular spring flowering plants, which with proper care does not cause any problems.

Table of contents Table of contents forsythia: tips on planting time and care

  • Appearance and flowering time
  • Location and claims of forsythia
  • Plant, maintain and cut forsythias
  • Popular varieties of forsythia

Table of contents Table of contents forsythia: tips on planting time and care

  • Appearance and flowering time
  • Location and claims of forsythia
  • Plant, maintain and cut forsythias
  • Popular varieties of forsythia

The forsythia (Forsythia x intermedia) or gold bell marks the end of winter and for many is the spring shrub par excellence: the ornamental shrub has even made it to meteorology - as a pointer plant: because when the forsythia blooms, winter is finally retreating. The forsythia in the garden are all hybrids of the two East Asian parents Forsythia viridissima and Forsythia suspensa and came to Europe in 1833. The namesake of the plants is the English garden director William Forsyth.

Appearance and flowering time

Forsythia are fast-growing shrubs that reach heights of two to three meters and are completely hardy. In older forsythias, the branches are arched, the plants sprout into old age and form numerous thin, tightly growing shoots. Forsythia are extremely profusely flowering, their rich golden yellow flowers appear after the winter bloomers from around mid-March to April even before the leaves come out and in such abundance that even the individual branches can no longer be recognized.

Because these are almost covered over their entire shoot length and still on the short side boxes of flowers, whereby generally the two to three year shoots of forsythia are the most blooming. Insects cannot do anything with the flowers, they provide neither nectar nor pollen - however, birds like to nest in the dense branches of the forsythia. An exception is the 'Beatrix Farrand' variety, which is flown to by bees and where you can easily see the leathery, hard fruit capsules.

The bark of young shoots is olive green and quite smooth, older ones are ocher yellow to almost gray yellow and covered with strikingly large lenticels. These are cork warts that are used for forsythia for ventilation or for gas exchange with the ambient air. In autumn, forsythia get yellow leaves, often with a purple tinge.

Forsythien
Forsythien

Two to three year old shoots of the forsythia are covered with yellow flowers.

Photo: iStock / Leo Malsam

Location and claims of forsythia

Forsythia are very undemanding and therefore popular shrubs for sunny locations. However, the flower will noticeably diminish in partial shade, shade is then no longer for forsythia. For forsythia, the soil is ideally slightly damp and rich in humus. Otherwise the forsythia can cope with almost all conditions as long as there is not too much lime in the soil. Forsythia cannot handle summer heat so well and require a good sip of water in good time. Thirsty shrubs are reluctant to bloom for the next year.

Plant, maintain and cut forsythias

The shrubs are usually offered in containers so that they can be planted all year round - except of course in frost. However, autumn and spring are ideal. In the case of bare-rooted forsythia, the time of planting is limited to the cold months. Sufficient watering is important after spring planting. It is best to mulch the soil under forsythia or plant ground cover with which the shrubs have no problems and do not compete with them. A few scoops of compost are sufficient as fertilizer in spring.

The shrubs age relatively quickly and should be cut regularly, if possible annually, but at the latest every two to three years. Immediately after flowering, the time has come: Cut off the oldest basic shoots at the base of each forsythia and divert some of the faded branches to a lower-lying side shoot. With compact growing dwarf varieties, always cut a few shoots by a third every two or three years after flowering. A radical taper cut in hopelessly outdated shrubs is possible without any problems. This so-called putting on the stick occurs with the gardening in spring - which of course precludes the forsythia from blooming in the same year. The shrubs can handle the cut better.

The plants are suitable as specimen plants and for hedges. In the right location, diseases or plant pests pose no problems at all. Aphids or mildew can occur, but they do not cause any significant damage and can often even be ignored.

Forsythien
Forsythien

Since forsythia are very fast-growing, the shrubs grow up to three meters high and are also hardy. A sign of older forsythia is that the branches hang in an arc.

Photo: iStock / AndreaAstes

Popular varieties of forsythia

Yellow is yellow? No way! Anyone who has ever looked at different types of forsythia side by side will be surprised at how many shades of color there are in the Forsythia family. They range from bright signal yellow of the 'Weekend' variety - which is probably the earliest variety ever, which only grows to 150 to 200 centimeters high - to the dark yellow of the 'Spectabilis', which is the best branch of all forsythia varieties and the garden in teamwork Blue stars (Scilla) and the equally low star hyacinths with a rich color contrast enchants. And best of all against a bright blue spring sky. Of course, this applies in principle to every forsythia, whether you plant it individually or as a hedge in the garden.

If you like it smaller or don't have much space available, plant 'mini gold', which can grow in the tub just like the equally large, or better just as small, 'Tetra Gold' and blooms until April. The 'mini gold' even until May.

The 'Lynwood' variety, sometimes referred to as the 'Lynwood Gold' forsythia, is a robust, but somewhat sensitive to summer heat with chrome-yellow flowers that grows up to three meters high and is just as wide. The 'Goldzauber', up to 200 centimeters high, has golden yellow and fragrant flowers.

The white snow forsythia (Abeliophyllum distichum) also belongs to the olive tree family, but to a completely different genus than Forsythia and has only the German name Forsythia in common with it.

Thomas Hess

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