Table of contents:

Parquet types: the most important in comparison
Parquet types: the most important in comparison

Video: Parquet types: the most important in comparison

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Video: Flooring Selection | Interior Design 2023, January
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Noble appearance, good appearance: Parquet flooring is one of the most popular floor coverings among building owners. But parquet flooring is not just parquet flooring. In addition to the most varied types of wood, there are various types of parquet, which can then also be laid in various patterns. We explain what types and patterns there are, where the advantages and disadvantages are and how much your parquet floor will cost.

Table of contents Table of contents A comparison of the most important types of parquet

  • What is parquet?
  • What types of parquet are there?
  • The main types of parquet
  • You should know these laying patterns
  • How to lay parquet properly
  • benefits
  • disadvantage
  • costs

Table of contents Table of contents A comparison of the most important types of parquet

  • What is parquet?
  • What types of parquet are there?
  • The main types of parquet
  • You should know these laying patterns
  • How to lay parquet properly
  • benefits
  • disadvantage
  • costs

What is parquet?

Have you built a house or bought a condominium and now have to deal with the question of the right floor covering? Tips and expertise are always welcome, especially if you are a building owner for the first time. Parquet is a popular choice for most, because there are different types of parquet and each of them can look very different and individual.

All types of parquet are made of wood and are only used for interior rooms. In this country, it is mostly European types of wood, such as beech or oak. The wood is sawn into pieces and then reassembled in a variety of ways. This creates various types of parquet with pretty patterns.

Parquet vs. Laminate

Often confused in the vernacular, but by no means the same: parquet and laminate. Both floor coverings are laid in a similar way and are also visually similar. In contrast to parquet, laminate only consists of wood fiber materials that are coated with melamine resin. What looks like wood on the surface is really just paper with a wood pattern. In other words, laminate is nothing more than 0.7 millimeter thick decorative paper that has been soaked in melamine resin and then glued to a particle board. Visually, this sometimes makes only a slight difference - but the price of laminate is significantly below parquet.

What types of parquet are there?

Parquet is not just parquet - that much is certain. Depending on how much money you want to spend or what visual result you want for your new home, there are different types of parquet to choose from. The type of parquet should not be confused with the laying pattern. Each type of parquet can be laid in different patterns and thus look completely different again.

Die Parkettart will gut überlegt sein
Die Parkettart will gut überlegt sein

If you have chosen a parquet floor, you are faced with the question of the type of parquet.

Photo: iStock / Zephyr18

These are the main types of parquet

To make your choice easier, we have put together the most important types of parquet for you and explain the differences.

  1. Strip parquet : This type of parquet is made up of individual pieces of wood, known as strips. These rods usually measure 500 × 80 × 22 millimeters. Another name for this parquet is nail parquet.
  2. Multi-layer parquet: Some people also know this style as a country style. The planks are already sealed, so that the laminate can also be installed by DIY enthusiasts.
  3. Solid parquet: As the name suggests, solid parquet consists of solid pieces of wood. The parquet is mostly untreated, i.e. raw, laid and then treated with the parquet sanding machine. The wood is then treated with parquet lacquer, floor oil or wax and the parquet is sealed. Some manufacturers nowadays offer solid parquet as a finished parquet. This eliminates the need to edit on the construction site.
  4. Mosaic parquet: The filigree mosaic parquet consists of thin wooden slats. These are usually eight millimeters thick and are usually glued to a net so that they stick together. The slats are usually laid square and then have a length of about 12 centimeters.
  5. Parquet board: Parquet boards made of solid wood are glued to a wooden board. The special thing about this type is that the pieces of wood are usually between two and three meters long, which visually makes the room larger.
  6. Table parquet : Most people know table parquet under the name “French parquet” and not without reason also as “Queen of the floors” - because this parquet is glued so that complex shapes result from geometric shapes. A real eye-catcher!
  7. Multi-layer parquet: This type of parquet is also called prefabricated parquet because it can be laid or glued relatively easily with a click system. Pre-finished parquet is usually cheaper because the visible layer of wood is only about 3 millimeters thick and hides cheaper softwood underneath.

Parquet types: You should be familiar with these laying patterns

The type of parquet is selected, now it is time to choose the laying pattern. And since you already have so many decisions to make when building, we will now introduce you to the most popular patterns - to make your selection a little easier.

  • Parallel bandage : With this laying pattern, the wooden bars are laid parallel to each other. A distinction can be made between a ship's floor association (parallel with offset joints), English association (parallel, but offset by half), Oxford association (parallel, but offset by one third), Old German association (like English association, but always placed next to each other twice).
  • Braiding floor: The braiding floor is characterized by two to four wooden rods attached parallel to each other. However, the rods are always rotated at right angles to create a braided look. In this way, cubes or squares can be created just like with the parquet floor.
  • Herringbone: If you have large spaces, you should choose the herringbone pattern. With this type of laying, the rods are laid like tips to each other. In the French herringbone, the rods are chamfered by either 30 or 45 degrees and laid as "braid rows".
  • Ladder floor: On the ladder floor, the parquet looks like a spring: a transverse bar lies in the middle, further bars go away from it on the right and left.
Parkett im Fischgrätmuster
Parkett im Fischgrätmuster

The herringbone pattern is created by a special arrangement of the individual parquet elements.

Photo: iStock / Leo Malsam

How to lay parquet properly

When laying parquet, the most important thing is which parquet and laying pattern you have chosen and which substrate you have. The laying technology is then also based on this. Read here how to properly lay parquet.

As always, when laying parquet, if you are not sure whether you can do it, it is always an advantage to have a professional at work. Better pay a little more than have an unpleasantly laid floor later. This can not only have visual consequences, but can also result in higher heating costs.

Advantages of parquet types

  • Optics: The irregular structure of wood always looks very natural and noble. If you want to give your parquet type a finish, you can apply some oil or varnish and thus provide an extra shine.
  • Pollutant-free: Since all types of parquet are made of wood, they are largely free of pollutants. Thanks to the open-pore surface of the wood, the room climate is also regulated, as excess moisture is released and released again.
  • Sustainable: Parquet is made of 100 percent wood and is therefore very sustainable. If you want to be on the safe side, you can use local types of wood. Should it be a special wood for the chosen parquet type, it should have been grown fairly in the region.
  • Durable: The harder the wood from which the parquet type is made, the more expensive - but also more durable - the parquet is. After ten years, the parquet in most cases only has to be sanded and very rarely replaced after decades. You can repair minor damage or dents yourself with these tips on repairing parquet.
  • Easy to clean: vacuuming and wiping is no problem on parquet and can be done super quickly. Tip: When cleaning parquet, use a specially designed cleaner. The oils contained in it maintain the wood.
  • Ideal for allergy sufferers: thanks to the climate-regulating properties of wood, all types of parquet are very suitable for people with allergies.
  • Pet-friendly: wood is very resistant. The type of parquet also endures cat claws or playing dogs.
Altbau mit Parkett
Altbau mit Parkett

Parquet type and laying technology are not the same - but both together can create a great spatial effect.

Photo: iStock / KatarzynaBialasiewicz

Disadvantages of parquet types

  • Price: The higher quality and rarer the material, the more expensive the parquet type. No wonder many people choose vinyl flooring or laminate.
  • Installed by professionals: Here, too, there are costs to be paid: the type of parquet should only be installed by professionals, so that everything fits properly. The professional demands up to 30 euros per hour of work.
  • Not lightfast: wood is a natural product and therefore alive. Unfortunately, this also means that the type of parquet reacts to UV rays and can lose its color after a few years.

How much do the different types of parquet cost?

Are you wondering how much parquet costs? It actually depends on the type of parquet. The prices range from the simplest version from 14 euros per square meter to the luxury model for 80 euros per square meter. The prices depend on the type of wood. Very hard types of wood such as oak cost significantly more, but in return they are also much more resistant and therefore more durable. If you want special exotic types of wood such as teak or bamboo flooring, you have to dig into your pockets.

There are many types of parquet and also countless laying patterns. It is best to make your decision depending on the spatial conditions. How much space do you have, what should be done in the room, how light or dark should the room be? For even more advice, it is best to get a parquet professional directly to the construction site - he can give you detailed advice on site.

Price comparison parquet types

Herringbone

Country house

Longstrip

Oak

76.90 euros

22.90 euros

19.99 euros

nut

89.80 euros

49.90 euros

44.49 euros

beech

44.50 euros

25.55 euros

17.99 euros

(approximate prices per square meter)

Maren Schwarz Foto
Maren Schwarz Foto

Maren Schwarz

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